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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2002.tde-30062003-115552
Document
Author
Full name
Ricardo Carrazedo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Hanai, Joao Bento de (President)
Debs, Ana Lucia Homce de Cresce El
Moreno Junior, Armando Lopes
Title in Portuguese
Mecanismos de confinamento e suas implicações no reforço de pilares de concreto por encamisamento com compósito de fibras de carbono
Keywords in Portuguese
compósitos
concreto armado
confinamento
fibras de carbono
pilares
reforço
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho aborda o efeito do confinamento desenvolvido em pilares de concreto armado reforçados com compósitos de fibras de carbono. Por meio do encamisamento é possível mobilizar o confinamento passivo do concreto, restringindo sua expansão lateral. Com o efeito do confinamento o concreto apresenta significativos ganhos de resistência e ductilidade. Efetuou-se uma análise experimental com pilares de seção transversal circular utilizando diferentes taxas de armadura transversal e variando-se o número de camadas do compósito. Observou-se a influência destas variáveis sobre a capacidade resistente e a deformabilidade destes pilares. Com o aumento do número de camadas de compósito ocorreram grandes acréscimos de capacidade resistente, mesmo com taxas de armadura transversal mais elevadas. O aumento da deformação última com o reforço foi grande no caso de pilares não armados. Em pilares com elevada taxa de armadura transversal não ocorreram ganhos significativos na deformação última. Verificou-se que em pilares de concreto armado reforçados com compósito de fibras de carbono, pode-se obter boas previsões do ganho de resistência utilizando-se modelos teóricos de confinamento adequados e a sobreposição de pressões laterais da camisa de reforço e da armadura transversal no núcleo. Foram ensaiados também pilares de seção transversal quadrada sem armaduras para verificar o efeito da forma da seção transversal. Observou-se que em seções quadradas a pressão lateral efetiva é menor se comparada com pilares de seção circular.
Title in English
Confinement effects and their implication on the strengthening of concrete columns by wrapping with carbon fiber composites.
Keywords in English
carbon fibers
columns
composites
confinement
reinforced concrete
strengthening
Abstract in English
This work deals with the effect of confinement in reinforced concrete columns strengthened with carbon fiber composites. By wrapping, it is possible to mobilize the passive confinement of the concrete, restricting its lateral expansion. With the confinement, the concrete shows substantial gains in resistance and ductility. An experimental analysis of circular columns was carried out making use of different rates of transverse steel and numbers of composite layers. The influence of these variables over the load carrying capacity and deformability of these columns was observed. With an increased number of layers of the composite, there was a great increase in the load carrying capacity, even at high transverse steel rates. The increase in the ultimate strain given by the strengthening was great with unreinforced concrete columns. In columns with a high transverse steel rate there were no important gains in the ultimate strain. It was observed that in reinforced concrete columns strengthened with carbon fiber composites, one can very well foresee the gain in strength by using adequate analytical models of confinement and the overlaying of lateral pressures from the composite jacket and the transverse steel in the central core. Square columns without reinforcement bars were also subject to testing so as to investigate the effect of the shape of the cross-section. It was observable that in square sections the real lateral pressure is smaller when compared to circular columns.
 
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Carrazedo1.pdf (5.67 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2003-08-05
 
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