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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.18.2017.tde-07022017-102750
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre Araujo Bezerra
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Coelho, Reginaldo Teixeira (President)
Diniz, Anselmo Eduardo
Jasinevicius, Renato Goulart
Ruffino, Rosalvo Tiago
Silva, Leonardo Roberto da
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do desgaste no roscamento com alta velocidade em ferro fundido
Keywords in Portuguese
Desgaste
Mínima quantidade de lubrificante
Revestimento
Roscamento com alta velocidade de corte
Abstract in Portuguese
Estudou-se os mecanismos e tipos de desgaste atuantes nos machos de corte no processo de roscamento com velocidades comumente utilizadas na indústria e com alta velocidade de corte, de forma a avaliar a influência da velocidade de corte, do tipo de revestimento de ferramenta e da condição de lubri-refrigeração sobre o desempenho dos machos de corte. A qualidade da rosca usinada e a formação de cavaco também foram objetos de estudo. Mediram-se sinais de torque e de corrente ao longo da vida das ferramentas, avaliando as suas possibilidades como indicadores de desgaste. O roscamento de furos passantes M8x1,25 foi realizado com velocidades de corte de 30 ou 60 m/min em ferro fundido cinzento GG25 nas condições sem fluido de corte ou com mínima quantidade de lubrificante (MQL). Foram utilizados machos de corte de aço rápido comum e fabricados por metalurgia do pó revestidos, com TiAIN ou com TiCN. Os principais mecanismos de desgaste foram abrasão, adesão e difusão, enquanto o principal tipo de desgaste observado foi o de flanco. A adesão de material da peça sobre a ferramenta foi o principal fator determinante do final de vida dos machos de corte. A utilização de revestimento foi eficiente na minimização da adesão. Entretanto, o TiAIN foi melhor em termos de vida da ferramenta e o TiCN na redução do torque e na qualidade visual da rosca usinada. A técnica MQL propiciou melhorias na usinagem em comparação com a condição a seco, principalmente na redução do torque em machos de corte revestidos. Os sinais de torque e de corrente foram eficientes no acompanhamento do desgaste de flanco apenas nos machos de corte revestidos. Por outro lado, apenas os sinais de torque podem servir como indicativo das etapas do ciclo de roscamento.
Title in English
Wear study of high speed tapping in grey cast iron
Keywords in English
Coating
High speed tapping
Minimal quantity lubricant
Wear
Abstract in English
The mechanisms and types of wear were studied in tools used in the tapping process performed with speeds commonly used in the industry and also with high cutting speed. It was evaluated the influence of cutting speed, type of tool coating and cooling/lubrication condition on the performance of the taps. The quality of the machined threads and the chip formation were also assessed. During the experiments, torque and current signals were measured, assessing the possibilities of using them as tool wear indicators. The tapping of through holes M8x1,25 was accomplished with cutting speeds of 30 or 60 m/min in gray cast iron GG25 in the conditions dry or with Minimal Quantity of Lubricant (MQL). Taps of plain High Speed Steel (HSS) and taps manufactured by powder metallurgy and coated (HSS-Co-PM, one with TiAIN and other with TiCN) were used. The main wear mechanisms observed were abrasion, adhesion and diffusion, while the principal type was the flank wear. The adhesion of workpiece material on the tools was the main decisive factor for the end of tool life. The tool coatings used were efficient in minimizing the adhesion. However, TiAIN was better in terms of tool life and TiCN in the reduction of torque and also led to a better visual quality on the machined threads. The MQL technique brought improvements to the machining in comparison to the dry cutting condition, mainly in the reduction of the torque in coated taps. The torque and current signals wereefficient in indicating the flank wear, only on coated taps. On the other hand, the torque signals can only be used as indicative of tapping cycle stages.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-02-07
 
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