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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.18.2018.tde-12072018-092036
Document
Author
Full name
Ariuska Karla Barbosa Amorim
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2000
Supervisor
Committee
Foresti, Eugenio (President)
Pires, Eduardo Cleto
Rodrigues, José Alberto Domingues
Teixeira, Bernardo Arantes do Nascimento
Zaiat, Marcelo
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do desempenho e estabilidade de um Reator Anaeróbio Horizontal de Leito Fixo (RAHLF) submetido ao aumento progressivo na concentração de matéria orgânica afluente e a cargas de choque orgânicas
Keywords in Portuguese
Cargas de choque orgânicas
Digestão anaeróbia
Reator anaeróbio de leito fixo
Tratamento de águas residuárias
Abstract in Portuguese
Submeteu-se um Reator Anaeróbio Horizontal de Leito Fixo (RAHLF) de bancada, ao aumento progressivo da concentração de matéria orgânica afluente, e a cargas de choque orgânicas, com o objetivo de verificar-se seu desempenho e estabilidade operacional. O RAHLF foi construído com um tubo de boro-silicato de 100 cm de comprimento, 5,0 cm de diâmetro e 1995 ml de volume total e preenchido com lodo anaeróbio imobilizado em matrizes de espuma de poliuretano. O reator foi alimentado, inicialmente, com substrato composto principalmente de carboidratos em concentrações, expressas como Demanda Química de Oxigênio (DQO) de, aproximadamente, 200, 1000 e 2000 mg/l. Posteriormente, os carboidratos foram substituídos por metanol e ácidos voláteis, em concentrações totais, aproximadas, de 2000, 3000, 4000 e 5000 mg DQO/l. Atingido o estado estacionário para cada condição operacional, foram aplicadas cargas de choque, aumentando-se em três vezes o valor da DQO afluente, durante período equivalente ao tempo de detenção hidráulica (sete horas). O sistema apresentou problemas operacionais durante os experimentos com carboidratos, quando submetido a 2000 mg DQO/l, correspondente à taxa volumétrica de carregamento orgânico de 8,77 KgDQO/m3.d. Não foi verificado qualquer problema operacional durante os experimentos com substrato contendo metanol e ácidos voláteis, e o reator apresentou eficiência de remoção de DQO superior a 90%. Para o experimento com DQO afluente igual a 2000 mg/l, os parâmetros cinéticos foram estimados a partir de modelo cinético de 1ª ordem, obtendo-se valor de k1 igual a 0,049 h-1, nos demais experimentos ajustou-se modelo cinético de 2ª ordem com valor médio de k2 equivalente a 2,0 x 10-4 l/mg.h Foram aplicadas cargas de choque orgânicas equivalentes a, aproximadamente, 17; 27; 40 e 47 kgDQO/m3.d. Os efeitos das sobrecargas orgânicas no reator foram transientes em todos os casos, tendo o reator voltado à condição inicial em, no máximo, 15 horas após o início das sobrecargas.
Title in English
Evaluation of the performance and stability of a Horizontal flow Anaerobic Immobilized Sludge reactor (HAIS) subjected to progressively increasing concentrations of organic effluent material and to organic shock loads
Keywords in English
Anaerobic digestion
Fixed bed reactor
Organic shock loads
Watewater treatment
Abstract in English
A Horizontal flow Anaerobic lmmobilized Sludge Reactor (HAIS) was subjected to progressively increasing concentrations of organic effluent material and to organic shock loads with the purpose of investigating its operational performance and stability. The HAIS, consisting of a 100 cm long, 5 cm diameter borosilicate tube with a total volume capacity of 1995 mL, was filled with anaerobic sludge immobilized in foam and polyurethane matrixes. The reactor was initially fed with a substrate composed mainly of carbohydrates in concentrations, expressed as Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), of approximately 200, 1000 and 2000 mg/L. These carbohydrates were later replaced by methanol and volatile acids in total concentrations of 2000, 3000, 4000 and 5000 mg COD/L. Shock loads were applied after each operational condition became stationary, with the effluent COD tripled for a period equivalent to the hydraulic detention time (seven hours). The system presented operational problems during the experiments with carbohydrates when subjected to 2000 mg DQO/l, which corresponded to a volumetric organic load index of 8,77 Kg COD/m3.d. No operational problems were detected during the experiments with substrates containing methanol and volatile acids, and the reactor presented a COD removal efficiency of over 90%. The kinetic parameters for the COD effluent with 2000 mg/L were estimated based on a first arder kinetic model, which resulted in a k1 value of 0,049 h-1, while a kinetic model of the second order was used for the remaining experiments, with a mean value of k2 equivalent to 2,0 x 10-4 L/mg.h. Organic shock loads of approximately 17; 27; 40 and 47 kg COD/m3.d were applied. The effects of the organic overloads on the reactor were transient in every case, with the reactor returning to its initial condition at the most 15 hours after the beginning of the overloads.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-12
 
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