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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2016.tde-12082016-155112
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo Eustaquio de Carvalho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Reali, Marco Antonio Penalva (President)
Calijuri, Maria do Carmo
Coraucci Filho, Bruno
Title in Portuguese
Flotação de alta taxa aplicada ao pós-tratamento de efluentes de reatores anaeróbios
Keywords in Portuguese
Flotação de alta taxa
Pós-tratamento de reator anaeróbio
Remoção de fósforo por flotação
Tratamento de esgoto
Abstract in Portuguese
No presente trabalho foi utilizado um sistema de tratamento seqüencial de esgoto sanitário constituído de um reator anaeróbio de leito expandido (Ralex), com vazão de 10 m3/h, seguido de unidade piloto de flotação por ar dissolvido de alta taxa (FADAT) contendo placas paralelas em seu interior, com vazão de 5,58 m3/h. Para tempo de floculação de 20 min, foram estudados, como coagulantes, dosagens de cloreto férrico de 50 mg/L e 70 mg/L, taxas de aplicação superficial de 21 m/h e 42 m/h, gradiente médio de velocidade de floculação de 60 s-1, 80 s-1 e 100 s-1 e frações de recirculação de 8%, 13% e 18%. Dentre o conjunto de condições operacionais da unidade piloto FADAT estudada, foi considerado o mais vantajoso: taxa de aplicação superficial no flotador de 21 m/h, dosagem de cloreto férrico de 70 mg/L, gradiente médio de velocidade de floculação de 80 s-1 e 8,1 g de ar/m3 de efluente. Nessas condições foram obtidas as seguintes remoções: 84% de turbidez (residual entre 6,3 e 62 uT), 73% de DQO (residual entre 20 e 156 mgO2/L), 75% de fósforo (residual entre 0,5 e 1,9 mgP/L) e 67% de SST (residual entre 8 e 80 mg/L de SST). Os resultados demonstraram que o emprego da unidade FADAT como pós-tratamento de efluente de reator anaeróbio proporciona economia de energia, tendo em vista requererem de 75 a 50% da quantidade de ar exigida pelos sistemas de flotação convencional.
Title in English
High rate dissolved air flotation applying in the pos-treatment of anaerobics reactors effluents
Keywords in English
High rate DAF
Phosphorus removal by flotation
Pos-treatment of anaerobic reactor
Sewage treatment
Abstract in English
In this wok a sewage sequential treatment consisting of an expanded bed anaerobic reactor (EBAR) with 10 m3/h flow was used, folowed by a high rate DAF containing parallel plates in its interior, with 58 m3/h. For a floculation time of 20 minutes, were studied chemical additives, ferric chlorode dosages of 50 mg/L and 70 mg/L, overflow rates of 21 m/h and 42 m/h, velocity gradients of 60 s-1, 80 s-1 e 100 s-1 and reciculation rate between 8%, 13% and 18%. Among the group of operational conditions of the pilot unit studied high rate DAF the most advantageous was considered: overflow rates of 21 m/h in the high rate DAF of 21 m/h, ferric chlorode dosages of 70 mg/L, velocity gradients of 60 s-1, and air requirements of 8,1 g of air/m3 of wastewater. In those conditions they were obtained the following removals: 84% of turbidez (residual between 6,3 and 62 UT), 73% of DQO (residual' between 20 and 156 mgO2/L), 75% of phosphorus (residual between 0,5 and 1,9 mgP/L) and 67% of SST (residual between 8 and 80 mg/L of SST). The results demonstrated that the employment of the unit high rate DAF as post-treatment of the anaerobic eflluents provides economy of energy, tends in view they request of 75 to 50% of the amount of air demanded by the systems of conventional flotation.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-08-16
 
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