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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2018.tde-14052018-104456
Document
Author
Full name
Fabio José Coletti
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 1997
Supervisor
Committee
Povinelli, Jurandyr (President)
Daniel, Luiz Antonio
Nour, Edson Aparecido Abdul
Title in Portuguese
Pós-tratamento por lodos ativados de efluente de um reator anaeróbio compartimentado no tratamento de esgoto sanitário
Keywords in Portuguese
Coeficientes cinéticos
Lodos ativados
Lodos ativados por batelada
Pós-tratamento
Taxa de utilização de oxigênio
Abstract in Portuguese
Estudou-se nesta pesquisa o processo de lodos ativados para pós-tratamento do efluente proveniente de um reator anaeróbio compartimentado, que recebe esgoto sanitário. Isso se deu em vários ensaios em sistema descontínuo ("batch'') para avaliar a biodegradabilidade dessa água residuária e em um ensaio em sistema contínuo com finalidade de melhorar a qualidade do efluente final e determinar os coeficientes cinéticos, os parâmetros a' e b ', a taxa de utilização de oxigênio e o coeficiente α. Também realizaram-se ensaios hidrodinâmicos para verificação do tipo de reator utilizado. A pesquisa desenvolveu-se com base em uma célula de aeração, em escala de laboratório, composta por quatro câmaras (reatores) que possuíam tanque de aeração e decantador secundário justapostos, separados por uma cortina fixa. Não houve controle de temperatura nos dois sistemas utilizados. No ensaio em sistema contínuo quatro reatores foram operados simultaneamente com as respectivas idades do lodo de 5, 10, 15 e 20 dias durante 35 dias. O tempo de detenção hidráulico foi mantido próximo de 8 horas. Nesse ensaio os reatores quando se encontravam estabilizados dinamicamente, apresentaram remoção superior a 95% para DBO bruta, 90% para DBO filtrada, 87% para DQO bruta, 80% para DQO filtrada e 95% para SST. Mesmo não sendo realizado processo adicional para remoção de nutrientes, os reatores, após a estabilização dinâmica, apresentaram remoção de fosfato de até 28% e de nitrogênio amoniacal até níveis de não serem detectados pelos métodos de análises utilizados. Os ensaios hidrodinâmicos mostraram que os reatores são do tipo mistura completa.
Title in English
Post-treatment by activated sludge of anaerobic baffled reactor effluent in the treatment of sanitary sewage
Keywords in English
Activated sludge
Kinetic coefficients
Oxygen uptake rate
Post-treatment
Sequencing batch reactor
Abstract in English
In this work the activated sludge process for post-treatment of effluent anaerobic baffled reactor which receives sanitary sewage was studied. This was established during various experiments in batch system to evaluate the biodegradable of this wastewater and also in an experiment of continuous system aiming to improve the quality of the final effluent and to determine the kinetic coefficients, the a' and b' parameters, the oxygen uptake rate and the α coefficient. Hydrodynamic tests to verify the type of reactor used in this research were also perfonned. The work was developed and based on an aeration cell bench-scale, composed of four chambers (reactors) which had an aeration tank and a secondary settling tank in the same chamber, separated by a fixed baffle. Temperature control was not used in both systems. In the experiment of continuous system, four reactors were simultaneously operated with sludge age of 5, 10, 15 and 20 days during 35 days. The hidraulic retention time was maintained at around 8 hours. When the reactors were dynamically stabilized, they showed an average removal superior to 95% for BOD (biochemical oxygen demand), 90% for filtrated BOD, 87% for COD (chemical oxygen demand), 80% for filtrated COD and 95% for TSS (total suspended solids). Without additional process of nutrient removal, after the dynamic stabilization the reactors presented up to 28% of total phosphate removal and ammonia nitrogen up to levels of not being detected by the analyses methods used. The hydrodynamic tests showed that the reactors are of the complete-mix type.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-05-14
 
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