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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2003.tde-30082004-112743
Document
Author
Full name
Katt Regina Lapa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Foresti, Eugenio (President)
Paula Junior, Durval Rodrigues de
Rodrigues, José Alberto Domingues
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação de desempenho do reator anaeróbio em batelada seqüencial (ASBR), contendo biomassa imobilizada em pedra pome, para tratamento de esgoto sanitário
Keywords in Portuguese
biomassa imobilizada
esgoto sanitário
pedra pome
processo anaeróbio
reator ASBR
tratamento biológico
Abstract in Portuguese
Os reatores anaeróbios em batelada (ASBR) de leito fixo, em desenvolvimento no Instituto Mauá de Tecnologia e na Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos, têm apresentado desempenho satisfatório no tratamento de esgotos sanitários. A escolha do leito suporte é um dos importantes aspectos dessa etapa de desenvolvimento, além do aprofundamento do conhecimento dos aspectos fundamentais do processo e daqueles relacionados à operação do reator. Esta investigação estudou o comportamento de um ASBR de leito fixo, em escala de bancada, formado por matrizes de pedra pome, para suporte da biomassa, provido de agitador mecânico, no tratamento de esgotos sanitários coletados no Campus da USP, em São Carlos. O reator, com volume total de 7,2 L, foi operado em ciclos de 8 horas de duração, durante 86 dias, totalizando 216 ciclos. A DQO média afluente, no período, foi de 446 ± 169 mg/L, com valores médios, no efluente, respectivamente iguais a 233 ± 52, 64 ± 31, 32 ± 15 e 141 ± 32 mg/L para a DOQ total, fração particulada, coloidal e solúvel. Esses valores confirmam o bom desempenho do reator na remoção da fração particulada da matéria orgânica (eficiência de remoção de 84%). O modelo cinético para a velocidade de decaimento da DQO, que melhor se ajustou aos dados experimentais foi o de primeira ordem com residual (k1ap = 0,63 ± 0,06/h). Apesar do bom desempenho do reator, a presença, no efluente, de concentrações elevadas de sólidos solúveis fixos e valores anormais de alcalinidade e pH, alertaram para a necessidade de estudo mais aprofundado do leito, concluindo-se que a pedra pome sintética não apresenta a estabilidade química necessária para seu uso como material suporte nesse tipo de reator, pois ocorreu a perda contínua de cálcio do leito que resultou na perda da estabilidade estrutural das matrizes
Title in English
Performance evaluation of a stirred anaerobic sequencing batch reactor containing immobilized biomass in pumice stone for wastewater treatment
Keywords in English
anaerobic process
ASBR reactor
biological treatment
immobilized biomass
pumice stone
wastewater
Abstract in English
The anaerobic sequencing batch reactors (ASBR) with immobilized biomass, that are under development at Mauá Institute of Technology and at São Carlos Engineering School, presented good performance in the wastewater treatment. Recent researches are trying to improve this reactor design and operation. The choice of the support material is one of the important aspects of this development stage, besides the knowledge enhancement of the fundamental process aspects and the ones related with the reactor operation and its influence in the performance. This work presents the results of the ASBR operation and their influence in its performance, in bench scale, filled with pumice stones matrices used as biomass support. The reactor was provided with a mechanical agitator to treat the sewage collected at USP-São Carlos. The reactor volume was 7,2 liters and was operated with 8 hours duration cycles, during 86 days, totalizing 216 cycles. The mean inflow COD was 446 ± 169 mg/L, obtaining mean values, in the effluent, respectively equal to a 233 ± 52, 64 ± 31, 32 ± 15 e 141 ± 32 mg/L for total COD, particulate fraction, colloidal fraction and soluble fraction. This data confirm the good reactor performance in the removal of the particulate fraction of the organic matter (removal efficiency of 84%). The kinetic model for the COD decay rate that best fit the experimental data was a first order model with residual (k1ap=0,63 ± 0,06 /h). Despite of the good reactor performance, the high fixed soluble solids concentration in the effluent, as the abnormal alkalinity and pH values, took the matrices study further. It was concluded that the synthetic pumice stones, does not present a chemical stability necessary for its use as support material in this kind of reactor, because the matrices continuously lost calcium, resulting in the lost of its structural stability
 
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Publishing Date
2004-10-14
 
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