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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.2.2012.tde-18102012-134015
Document
Author
Full name
Gustavo Milaré Almeida
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Mancuso, Rodolfo de Camargo (President)
Gajardoni, Fernando da Fonseca
Leonel, Ricardo de Barros
Salles, Carlos Alberto de
Santin, Valter Foleto
Title in Portuguese
Execução de interesses individuais homogêneos: análise crítica e propostas
Keywords in Portuguese
Execução
Interesse coletivo
Litisconsórcio
Processo civil
Sentença
Tutela jurisdicional
Abstract in Portuguese
A presente tese tem por objetivo demonstrar que a sistemática para a satisfação da tutela jurisdicional dos interesses individuais homogêneos, prevista nos arts. 95 a 100 do Código de Defesa do Consumidor, é insuficiente, o que justifica a sua reforma legislativa para torná-la mais efetiva em nosso ordenamento jurídico, especialmente diante do atual cenário do Poder Judiciário brasileiro. Com esse propósito, a princípio, aborda-se a necessidade de adequação de tal disciplina à realidade social, a fim de que esse processo consiga satisfazer os direitos violados em um prazo razoável, o que passa invariavelmente pela correlata melhoria dos serviços judiciários prestados no Brasil. Por meio de dados estatísticos oficiais, do posicionamento atual da doutrina nacional e dos precedentes mais recentes do Supremo Tribunal Federal e do Superior Tribunal de Justiça, estuda-se, então, a existência de relação entre a chamada crise do processo e a tutela coletiva, bem como em que medida os interesses individuais homogêneos se prestam para a democratização do acesso à Justiça e para tal melhoria nos serviços judiciários brasileiros. Em seguida, analisa-se criticamente referida sistemática, a fim de, na medida do possível, identificar em que pontos apresenta-se deficiente e/ou omissa, sugerir o melhor e maior aproveitamento da lege lata, bem como formular propostas de lege ferenda viáveis para suprir tais pontos e, consequentemente, aperfeiçoar a tutela prestada
Title in English
Execution of homogeneous individual interests: critical analysis and proposals
Keywords in English
Access to justice
Class action
Execution
Homogeneous individual interests
Procedural effectiveness
Process crisis
Abstract in English
The thesis aims to demonstrate that the systematic approach of homogeneous individual interests (rights of a fluid class member similar to those in a class action for damages of the US Law) in Brazil, as set forth on articles 95 to 100 of the Brazilian Consumer Code, is insufficient and innefective, especially vis-à-vis the characteristics of the Brazilian Judiciary, justifying, therefore, its legislative review. With such objective, a priori, it is adressed the necessity of adequating such discipline to the Brazilian social reality in order to guarantee that lawful authorities shall be able to respond to law breaks in a reasonable period of time, what, in correlation, requires improvements on the judicial services rendered in Brazil. By means of official data, the current understanding of national authors and most recent precedents of the Brazilian Supreme Federal Court and the Brazilian Superior Justice Court, the thesis investigates the existence of a relation between the so-called process crisis and class actions in Brazil, as well as to what extent the homogeneous individual interests are efficient in fostering the democratization of the access to justice in Brazil and, ulteriorly, the improvement of judicial services in the country. Finally, the systematic approach of the homogeneous individual interests in Brazil is critically assessed so to, as far as possible, identify its flaws, suggest best and major manners to enshrine lege lata, as well as formulate viable proposals of lege ferenda that can overcome such flaws and, consequently, enhance the injunctions based thereon.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-01-03
 
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