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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.2.2014.tde-23092015-092831
Document
Author
Full name
Alessandra Dias Garcia
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Zilli, Marcos Alexandre Coelho (President)
Almeida, José Raul Gavião de
Dezem, Guilherme Madeira
Title in Portuguese
O juiz das garantias e a investigação criminal
Keywords in Portuguese
Direitos e garantias individuais
Investigação criminal
Juizes
Processo penal
Réu
Abstract in Portuguese
A imprescindibilidade da atuação do magistrado na fase preliminar da persecução penal como garantidor dos direitos fundamentais do investigado é inegável. A consecução desse mister acarreta, porém, o comprometimento da imparcialidade objetiva do juiz para o julgamento do mérito. A atribuição das funções de atuar na fase de investigação preliminar e durante o processo a julgadores distintos foi o caminho que muitos ordenamentos trilharam para lidar com essa problemática. A mesma solução foi adotada pelo Projeto de Código de Processo Penal brasileiro PLS nº 156/2009, ao prever a figura do juiz das garantias, responsável pelo controle da legalidade da investigação criminal e pela salvaguarda dos direitos individuais. Essa figura, consentânea ao principio acusatório consagrado pela Constituição Federal de 1988, assegura a imparcialidade de forma muito mais efetiva, preservando o distanciamento do julgador dos elementos colhidos durante a investigação criminal.
Title in English
The guarantee judge and the criminal investigation
Keywords in English
Accusatory system
Criminal investigation
Guarantee judge
Impartiality
Objective impartiality
Abstract in English
The indispensability of the judges involvement in the preliminary stage of criminal prosecution as a guarantor of the inquired person fundamentals rights is undeniable. However, this intervention compromises the impartiality of the judge on the judgment of the merits. The allocation of duties to act to different judges in the preliminary investigation phase and during the case was the way that many law systems have fallowed to handle this problem. The same solution was adopted by the Bill of the Brazilian Code of Criminal Procedure PLS nº 156/2009. The Bill provides the figure of the guarantee judge, which controls the legality of the criminal investigation and ensures the protection of individual rights. The guarantee judde, in accordance to the accusatory principle settleed in the Federal Constitution, assures a more effective impartiality preserving the distance of the judge from elements collected during criminal investigation.
 
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Release Date
2017-11-09
Publishing Date
2015-11-13
 
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