• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.21.2009.tde-22092009-141045
Document
Author
Full name
Ingrid Brizotti
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Sato, Olga Tiemi (President)
Camargo, Ricardo de
Silveira, Ilson Carlos Almeida da
Title in Portuguese
Análise do Balanço de Calor através da superfície no Atlântico Tropical Sul por satélites.
Keywords in Portuguese
Atlântico Sul
balanço de calor pela superfície
interação oceano-atmosfera
oceanografia por satélites
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho é investigar a variabilidade das componentes do balanço de calor pela superfície no Atlântico Sul, entre 5oS e 30oS e para o período entre 2000 a 2004, através da combinação de dados provenientes de múltiplos satélites. Com isso, visamos verificar se os processos de troca de calor no oceano são dominados por variabilidade de larga escala e interanual. Os dados de temperatura da superfície do mar, vapor d'água integrado e precipitação são provenientes do satélite de microondas do Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Os dados de vento são obtidos pelo escaterômetro QuikSCAT e estimativas de radiação de ondas curtas e ondas longas são distribuídas pelo projeto Surface Radiation Budget. Utilizamos o algoritmo desenvolvido por Liu et. al. (1979) para o cálculo do fluxo de calor latente e sensível. Para obtermos uma determinação mais precisa dos fluxos turbulentos, utilizamos o algoritmo de Fairall et. al. (1996), onde estimamos a correção de Webb para o calor latente e o calor sensível devido à chuva. Analisamos as variáveis medidas e estimadas em termos da média, anomalia e diagramas de espaço-tempo (Hovmöller). As estimativas de balanço de calor pela superfície mostram que o Atlântico Sul perde calor para a atmosfera, principalmente na forma de calor latente, ao sul de 7oS. Em média, o máximo de perda de calor de -100W/m2 ocorre entre 12oS e 17oS. O balanço de calor é notadamente marcado por um forte ciclo sazonal, onde a amplitude anual chega a 250W/m2. A anomalia do balanço de calor apresenta correlações significativas com fenômenos remotos em escalas interanuais, indicando a estabelecimento de teleconexões rápidas através da atmosfera.
Title in English
Analysis of the Heat Budget in the South Atlantic Ocean by Satelites
Keywords in English
air-sea interactions
satellite oceanography
south atlantic
surface heat balance
Abstract in English
The objective of this study is to investigate the variability of the surface heat budget components in the tropical South Atlantic, between 5oS and 30oS and for the period between 2000 and 2005, through a methodology based on a multi--satellite approach. We aim to verify if the heat exchange processes in the ocean are dominated by large scale and interannual variability. The sea surface temperature, integrated water vapor and precipitation data are obtained by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) microwave satellite. Wind vectors are measured by the QuikSCAT scatterometer satellite and the estimates of the shortwave and longwave radiation are distributed by the Surface Radiation Budget projetct. We used the algorithm developed by Liu79 et. al. (1979) to estimate the latent and sensible heat fluxes. To obtain a more precise estimation of the turbulent fluxes, we used an algorithm developed by Fairall et. al. (1996), where the Webb correction for the latent heat flux and the sensible heat flux due to the rainfall were included in the calculations. The results were analized in terms of the mean, anomaly, and space--time (Hovmöller) diagrams. The estimates of the surface heat balance showed that the South Atlantic loses heat to the atmosphere, mostly in the form of latent heat fluxes, south of 7oS. On average, there is a maximum in heat loss of -100W/m2 between 12oS e 17oS. The net surface heat flux has a strong seasonal cycle, with an amplitude of about 250W/m2. The surface energy balance shows significant correlations with remote phenomena at interannual scales indicating the establishment of rapid teleconnections through the atmosphere.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Ingrid.pdf (12.14 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-09-22
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.