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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.21.2012.tde-20122012-163554
Document
Author
Full name
Silvio Tarou Sasaki
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Figueira, Rubens Cesar Lopes (President)
Gomes, Vicente
Bainy, Afonso Celso Dias
Martins, César de Castro
Matos, Maria Auxiliadora Costa
Title in Portuguese
Marcadores orgânicos moleculares como ferramentas no monitoramento ambiental: Avaliação da distribuição de Alquilbenzeno Lineares (LABs) em organismos e sedimentos, como indicativo de exposição ao esgoto em áreas costeiras
Keywords in Portuguese
Alquilbenzeno Linear
Áreas Costeiras
Esgoto
Mexilhões
Ostras e Peixes
Poluição
Sedimento
Abstract in Portuguese
A disposição de esgoto em áreas costeiras pode causar impactos para a vida marinha, alterando a biodiversidade e o equilíbrio do ecossistema chegando a causar graves doenças nos seres humanos. Neste estudo, determinou-se a concentração de um conjunto de marcadores orgânicos moleculares de introdução de esgoto no ambiente marinho: alquilbenzeno lineares (LABs) em amostras de sedimento, ostras (Crassostrea brasiliana), mexilhões (Mytella charruana e Mytella guyanensis) e peixes (Mugil curema) (Valenciennes, 1836) nos Estuário de Cananéia - Iguape e Santos - São Vicente, SP, Brasil. As concentrações de LABs (peso seco) encontradas em amostras de sedimento de Cananéia variaram de <1,0 a 80,6 ng g-1 e em Santos variaram de 6,7 a 1234,0 ng g-1. Em moluscos bivalves as concentrações detectadas em Cananéia encontravam-se na faixa de 90 a 1849 ng g-1(peso seco) e em Santos as concentrações variaram de 110 a 50495 ng g-1(peso seco). Os estudos em peixes de Cananéia apresentaram os seguintes valores médios (ng g-1 em peso seco): músculo (64,7 ± 22,6), pele (124,0 ± 60,1), fígado (164,0 ± 79,2) e rim (9,1 ± 9,9). No estuário de Santos, os tecidos de peixes apresentaram os seguintes valores médios (ng g-1 em peso seco): músculo (95,0 ± 90,1), pele (438,0 ± 437,0), fígado (274,0 ±147,0) e rim (60,7 ± 35,6). Houve diferença significativa entre as amostras analisadas nos tecidos de peixes de Cananéia e Santos evidenciando diferenças de acúmulo de LABs de acordo com o nível de antropização. A detecção de LABs nestas matrizes evidenciou a sua capacidade de acúmulo e reflete a exposição ao esgoto e portanto pode ser utilizadas no monitoramento ambiental.
Title in English
Organic molecular markers as tools in environmental monitoring: Evaluation of Linear Alkylbenzene (LABs) distribution in organisms and sediments, as indicative of exposure to sewage in coastal areas
Keywords in English
Coastal Areas
Linear Alkylbenzenes
Mussels
Oysters and Fish
Pollution
Sediments
Abstract in English
The sewage disposal in coastal areas can cause impacts to marine life, altering the balance of the ecosystem and biodiversity and causing serious diseases in humans. In this study, the concentration of a set of molecular markers for the introduction of organic sewage into the marine environment: linear alkylbenzene (LAB), in samples of sediment, oysters (Crassostrea brasiliana), mussels (Mytella charruana and Mytella guyanensis) and fish (Mugil curema) (Valenciennes, 1836) from Cananéia - Iguape and Santos - São Vicente estuaries, located in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. LABs concentrations (dry weight) found in sediment samples from Cananéia ranged from <1.0 to 80.6 ng g-1 and from Santos ranged from 6.7 to 1234.0 ng g-1. In bivalve molluscs of Cananéia, the concentrations were in the range 90 to 1849 ng g-1 (dry weight) and in Santos, the concentrations ranged from 110 to 50495 ng g-1 (dry weight). Studies in fish from Cananéia showed the following average values (ng g-1 - dry weight): muscle (64.7 ± 22.6), skin (124.0 ± 60.1), liver (164.0 ± 79.2) and kidney (9.1 ± 9.9). In the Santos estuary, the fish tissue showed the following average values (ng g-1 - dry weight): muscle (95,0 ± 90.1), skin (438 ± 437), liver (274 ± 147) and kidney (60.7 ± 35.6). There were significant differences between the samples of tissues of fish from Cananéia and Santos showing differences in accumulation of LABs according to the level of anthropogenic occupation. The LABs detection in these matrices demonstrated their ability to accumulate and reflects the exposure to sewage and therefore can be used in environmental monitoring.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-01-22
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • SASAKI, Silvio Tarou. Composto presente em detergente é marcador ambiental eficaz São Paulo : Agência USP de Notícias, 2012. Outros. online. [acesso 2013-03-18]. Disponível em : <http://www.usp.br/agen/?p=124319>
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