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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.21.2018.tde-03042018-152839
Document
Author
Full name
Paola Cristina Roque Lemes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Melo, Marcelo Roberto Souto de (President)
Caires, Rodrigo Antunes
Oliveira, Claudio de
Title in Portuguese
Revisão taxonômica das abróteas do gênero Urophycis Gill, 1863 no Atlântico Sul (Gadiformes: Gadidae)
Keywords in Portuguese
citocromo oxidase I
DNA mitocondrial
Identificação molecular
Sudeste do Brasil
Abstract in Portuguese
Urophycis Gill, 1863 é um gênero de peixes marinhos demersais de médio porte, popularmente conhecidos como abróteas, distribuídos ao longo da costa do Atlântico Ocidental, do Canadá à Argentina. Atualmente são reconhecidas sete espécies válidas dentro deste gênero. Apesar de sua importância comercial, até então poucos estudos taxonômicos e biogeográficos haviam sido realizados com estas espécies. Três espécies foram descritas do Atlântico Sul ocidental: U. brasiliensis (Kaup, 1858), descrita de Motevideo, Uruguai, U. latus Miranda Ribeiro, 1903 e Urophycis mystacea Miranda Ribeiro, 1903, ambas descritas do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Urophycis mystacea é morfologicamente semelhante à U. cirrata (Goode & Bean, 1896), descrita do Golfo do México nos Estados Unidos, sendo frequentemente confundidas. Os objetivos desta contribuição foram (1) redescrever U. brasiliensis, e alocar U. latus como um sinônimo júnior ; (2) redescrever U. cirrata e alocar U. mystacea como um sinônimo júnior; (3) estabelecer diagnoses e mapas de distribuição atualizados para ambas espécies. Tecidos e exemplares foram obtidos com pescadores e em coleções científicas. Foram utilizados métodos tradicionais de morfologia para comparação dos exemplares, além de técnicas de identificação molecular utilizando o gene mitocondrial citocromo oxidase I (COI). Testes para a amplificação da região controle do DNA mitocondrial de U. brasiliensis foram realizados e discutidos.
Title in English
Taxonomic review of codlings of genus Urophycis Gill, 1863 in the South Atlantic (Gadiformes: Gadidae)
Keywords in English
Brazilian southeast
cytochrome oxidase I
mitochondrial DNA
Molecular identification
Abstract in English
Urophycis Gill, 1863 is a genus of marine, demersal, mid-sized fish, popularly known as codlings or hakes, and distributed along the the Western Atlantic coast, from Canada to Argentina. Seven species are currently recognized as valid within this genus. Despite its economical importance, a few taxomomic an biogeographic studies had been carried out with those species. Three species were described from western South Atlantic: U. brasiliensis (Kaup, 1858), described from Montevideo, Uruguay, U. latus Miranda Ribeiro, 1903 and Urophycis mystacea Miranda Ribeiro, 1903, both described from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Urophycis mystacea is morfologically similar to U. cirrata (Goode & Bean, 1896), described from Gulf of Mexico, USA, and these species are repeteadly confused. The objectives of this contributions were (1) redescribe U. brasilienis, placing U. latus as a junior synonym; (2) redescribe U. cirrata, placing U. mystacea as a junior synonym; (3) provide updated diagnosis and maps of distributions for both species. Tissues and specimens were obtained from fisherman and scientific collections. Traditional morphological methods were used to compare the specimens, besides molecular identification techniques using the mithocondrial gene citochrome c oxidadse I (COI). Testst for amplification of the DNA mitochondrial control region in U. brasiliensis were performed and discussed.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-04-05
 
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