• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.22.2003.tde-13042004-094706
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Ferreira Lima de Paula
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Andrade, Denise de (President)
Galvao, Cristina Maria
Ito, Izabel Yoko
Title in Portuguese
"Aeromicrobiota do ambiente cirúrgico: princípios e peculiaridades da climatização artificial"
Keywords in Portuguese
Aeromicrobiota
Centro Cirúrgico
Infecção Hospitalar
Risco biológico
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo tem como meta primordial investigar a temática aeromicrobiota do ambiente hospitalar, especialmente, do centro cirúrgico com vistas a enfocar contaminação biológica por conseqüência da climatização artificial, bem como fornecer informações técnicas aos profissionais afins. Assim, estabeleceu-se como objetivos específicos: quantificar e categorizar a produção do conhecimento científico nacional e internacional relacionada a aeromicrobiota do ambiente hospitalar e testar um método de avaliação microbiológica do ar do ambiente cirúrgico considerando os parâmetros biológicos da legislação nacional, e o binômio custo/benefício. As autoras evidenciaram na literatura investigada que a avaliação microbiológica do ar é expressiva nos estudos, e, quanto ao tipo de microrganismo o Aspergillus sp e o Staphylococcus sp foram os mais mencionados. Em seguida, apontam a problemática da aerocontaminação biológica e discutem as alternativas de controle da qualidade do ar. Com relação a avaliação microbiólogica do ar por meio de placas Petrifilm™ AC – Aerobic Count (3M, St Paul, MN, USA) em diferentes salas cirúrgicas ortopédicas observaram que o número de amostras positivas da entrada foi menor que na saída do ar: sala1, 0,0 na entrada e 55,6 na saída; sala 2, 40 e 83,3 e na 14 de 20,0 e 60,0%, respectivamente. Quanto ao nível de contaminação (ufc) foi expressiva apenas duas amostras da sala 2. No computo geral, os gêneros isolados foram Bacillus, Micrococcus, Actinomyces. Vale acrescentar que fungos não foram detectados. Esses resultados apontam para a eficiência do sistema de climatização. Alertam para a necessidade de uma pluralidade de ações estruturadas na multidisciplinaridade, bem como, na aplicação crítica das Resoluções e Portarias vigentes.
Title in English
"Air microbiology of surgical environment: principles and singularities of artificial climate"
Keywords in English
Air microbiology
biological risk
hospital infection
surgery center
Abstract in English
This study has as main goal to investigate about air microbiology of hospital environment, specially, surgical center, aiming to focus biological contamination due to artificial climate, as well as to provide technical information to professionals. So, the specific goals of this study are to quantify and classify national and international production of scientific knowledge related to air microbiology of hospital environment and test an evaluation method of air contamination, taking into account biological parameters of Brazilian legislation, and the relationship between cost and benefit. The authors have pointed out into scientific literature that air microbiological evaluation is expressive and the microorganisms Aspergillus and Staphylococcus were mentioned mostly. Next, they show the problems concerning biological contamination by air and discuss about alternative ways of controlling air quality. Regarding the microbiological air evaluation applying Petrifilm™ AC – Aerobic Count plates (3M, St Paul, MN, USA) in different orthopedic surgical rooms, the results reveal a greater number of positive samples collected at the air exit compared to those at the air entry: room 1 got 0.0 at entry and 55.6 at exit; room 2, 40 and 83.3 and room 14, 20.0 and 60.0%, respectively. The contamination level (ufc) was expressive only on two samples of room number 2. The final analysis shows that the isolated genus were Bacillus, Micrococcus and Actinomyces and fungus were not detected. These results point out the efficiency of the air conditioning system and strengthen to the need of a plurality of structured actions in the multidisciplinary field, as well as in the appliance of Brazilian legislation.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
00-Pags_iniciais.pdf (29.30 Kbytes)
01-Corpo_da_tese.pdf (797.42 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2004-05-04
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.