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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.22.2006.tde-18092006-165431
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Carolina Ortiz Whitaker
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Lima, Regina Aparecida Garcia de (President)
Tone, Luiz Gonzaga
Zago, Marcia Maria Fontao
Title in Portuguese
"Experiências de pais de crianças e adolescentes, após o término do tratamento de câncer: subsídios para o cuidado de enfermagem"
Keywords in Portuguese
adolescente
câncer
criança
enfermagem pediátrica
família
sobreviventes
Abstract in Portuguese
Com avanços na terapêutica, no diagnóstico precoce e nos estudos cooperativos, a sobrevida de crianças e adolescentes com câncer tem aumentado. A Sociedade Americana de Enfermagem Oncológica indica como prioridade, para o período de 2005-2009, pesquisas sobre os efeitos tardios do tratamento e qualidade de vida dos sobreviventes. Buscando contribuir com esta discussão, o objetivo do presente estudo é compreender como os pais e outros familiares de crianças e adolescentes com câncer percebem e vivenciam a experiência do término do tratamento. O estudo é de natureza descritivo-exploratória, com abordagem metodológica qualitativa. Foram selecionadas 10 famílias cujos filhos completaram a terapia de câncer e concordaram em participar do estudo. As técnicas de coleta de dados foram a entrevista no domicílio, a observação e o prontuário médico. Na análise, os dados foram organizados ao redor de três temas: a memória ─ o que foi vivido; o presente ─ o que se vive e o futuro ─ o que há de ser. Ao descrevermos a experiência dos pais e demais familiares da criança e do adolescente, sobre término do tratamento do câncer, pudemos evidenciar a vitalidade dos participantes de sobreviver ao tratamento e a tenuidade de viver após ele. O estudo mostrou que os pais e familiares começaram a resgatar o momento interrompido pelo diagnóstico e terapêutica, fizeram um movimento de reestruturação de suas vidas, porém, com cautela. Projetaram um futuro de vida com otimismo, mas permeado pelo medo e incerteza. Os resultados do estudo possibilitaram identificar, no cotidiano das famílias, aspectos que necessitam de intervenção, objetivando a melhoria da qualidade de vida de crianças, adolescentes e da própria família com o término do tratamento.
Title in English
"Experiences of children and adolescents’ parents after the end of cancer treatment: support for nursing care"
Keywords in English
adolescent
cancer
child
family
pediatric nursing
survivors
Abstract in English
Advances in therapeutics, early diagnoses and cooperative studies have increased the survival of children and adolescents with cancer. The American Oncology Nursing Society has set research on the late effects of treatment and survivors’ quality of life as a priority for 2005-2009. In an attempt to contribute to this discussion, this study aims to understand how parents and other family members of children and adolescents with cancer perceive and undergo the experience of ending treatment. We carried out a descriptive and exploratory study and adopted a qualitative methodological approach. Ten families were selected whose children completed cancer treatment and who agreed to participate in the study. Interviews at home, observation and patient files were used for data collection. Data were organized around three themes: the memory ─ what was experienced; the present ─ what is being experienced and the future ─ what will be. Describing the experiences of parents and other relatives of these children and adolescents at the end of cancer treatment allowed us to evidence the participants’ vitality in surviving treatment and the fragility of life after treatment ends. The study showed that parents and relatives started to recover the moment that diagnosis and treatment had interrupted and moved to restructure their lives, although cautiously. They projected a future for their lives with optimism, but permeated by fear and uncertainty. These study results allowed us to identify aspects in the families’ daily reality that need intervention, with a view to improving the quality of life of children, adolescents and the family itself when treatment ends.
 
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MCA_Ortiz.pdf (748.91 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-10-09
 
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