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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.22.2019.tde-19032019-182044
Document
Author
Full name
Lisiane Camargo Alves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Gomes-sponholz, Flávia Azevedo (President)
Barbosa, Nayara Gonçalves
Monteiro, Juliana Cristina dos Santos
Silveira, Maria de Fátima de Araújo
Title in Portuguese
Saúde sexual e reprodutiva de mulheres seis meses após a vivência de um episódio de morbidade materna grave
Keywords in Portuguese
Função sexual
Gravidez
Morbidade materna grave
Near miss
Sexualidade
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da morbidade materna grave na saúde sexual e reprodutiva de mulheres seis meses após o evento. Estudo observacional, transversal, realizado em dois hospitais na cidade de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo Brasil: Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto onde ficam internadas as puéperas que tiveram algum tipo de complicação na gestação (Grupo 1) e Centro de Referência em Saúde da Mulher, onde ficam internadas as puérperas de baixo risco gestacional (Grupo 2), totalizando 110 participantes, no período de maio de 2015 a agosto de 2016. A coleta de dados, a qual aconteceu da mesma forma nos dois hospitais, foi realizada em duas fases: a primeira correspondeu ao recrutamento das participantes enquanto ainda estavam internadas após o parto, onde foram obtidos os dados obstétricos, neonatais, sociodemográficos e reprodutivos diretamente do prontuário médico; a segunda ocorreu seis meses após a alta hospitalar das participantes, as quais foram contatadas via telefone para agendamento das visitas domiciliares, onde foram colhidos os dados sociodemográficos, econômicos, ginecológicos, obstétrico e os relacionados à saúde sexual, através do instrumento Female Sexual Function Index. Os dados foram analisados através do software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences e R versão 3.1.2. Foram utilizadas análises univariada e bivariada com distribuição de frequências absolutas e relativas, medidas de tendência central, variabilidade dos dados, testes Mann-Whitney, Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher, regressão beta inflacionada. No Grupo 1, a média de idade das mulheres foi de 30 anos, com prevalência da cor branca e a maioria solteira com relação ao estado civil, mas vivia junto com o companheiro há mais de 10 anos, enquanto no Grupo 2, a idade média foi de 27,1 anos com prevalência de cor parda, casada e com tempo de relacionamento entre dois e cinco anos. A escolaridade foi praticamente a mesma nos dois grupos, com uma média de 9,5 anos de estudo. Tanto no Grupo 1 quanto no Grupo 2, a maioria não fumava, nem fazia uso de drogas ilícitas ou bebidas alcoólicas. Enquanto no Grupo 1 a maioria havia feito cesárea, sendo 36,6% dos bebês nascidos prematuros, no Grupo 2, a maioria teve parto vaginal com apenas 7,2% dos bebês nascidos antes de 37 semanas. Das mulheres do Grupo 1, as morbidades materna grave mais frequentes foram as relacionadas aos distúrbios hipertensivos. Não houveram associações entre a ocorrência de morbidade materna grave e a predisposição à disfunção sexual, no entanto, em todos os domínios relacionados à função sexual (desejo, excitação, lubrificação, orgasmo, satisfação e dor), as mulheres do Grupo 2 tiveram melhores pontuações, no entanto com a regressão Beta inflacionada, foram encontradas associações entre os domínos orgasmo e a variável cor, domínio satisfação e a variável tempo de relacionamento e entre o domínio dor e a morbidade materna grave, demonstrando que esse grupo de mulheres sofre com dispareunia quando comparadas com as mulheres que não tiveram complicações na gestação
Title in English
Sexual and reproductive health of women six months after experiencing an episode of severe maternal morbidity
Keywords in English
Near miss
Pregnancy
Severe maternal morbidity
Sexual function
Sexuality
Abstract in English
The objective of this study was to to evaluate the effects of severe maternal morbidity on sexual and reproductive health of women six months after the event. Cross-sectional observational study carried out in two hospitals in the city of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo Brazil: Hospital of the Clinics of the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, where the patients who had some kind of complication during pregnancy (Group 1) and Reference Center for Women's Health, where low-risk pregnancies (Group 2) are hospitalized, totaling 110 participants, from May 2015 to August 2016. Data collection, which occurred in the same way in both hospitals, was performed in two phases: the first corresponded to the recruitment of the participants while they were still hospitalized after delivery, where the obstetric, neonatal, sociodemographic and reproductive data were obtained directly from the medical record; the second occurred six months after the patients were discharged from the hospital, who were contacted by telephone to schedule home visits, where socio-demographic, economic, gynecological, obstetrical and sexual health data were collected through the Female Sexual Function Index . The data were analyzed through the software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and R version 3.1.2. Univariate and bivariate analyzes were used with absolute and relative frequency distributions, central tendency measures, data variability, Mann-Whitney, Chi-square and Fisher Exact tests, inflated beta regression. In Group 1, the average age of the women was 30 years, with white prevalence and the majority single in relation to the marital status, but lived with the partner for more than 10 years, while in Group 2, the average age was 27.1 years old, with a prevalence of brown, married and with a relationship between two and five years. Schooling was practically the same in both groups, with an average of 9.5 years of study. In both Group 1 and Group 2, most did not smoke, nor did they use illicit drugs or alcoholic beverages. While in Group 1 the majority had delivered cesarean, with 36.6% of babies born preterm in Group 2, the majority had vaginal delivery with only 7.2% of babies born before 37 weeks. Of the women in Group 1, the most frequent severe maternal morbidities were those related to hypertensive disorders. However, in all domains related to sexual function (desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain), there were no associations between the occurrence of severe maternal morbidity and the predisposition to sexual dysfunction, the women in Group 2 had better scores However, with inflated beta regression, associations were found between domains orgasm and color variable, satisfaction domain and time relationship variable, and between pain domain and severe maternal morbidity, demonstrating that this group of women suffers from dyspareunia when compared with women who had no complications during pregnancy
 
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Publishing Date
2019-04-02
 
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