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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.23.2010.tde-22122010-112739
Document
Author
Full name
Gisela Muassab Castanho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Cara, Antonio Alberto de (President)
Capp, Claudia Inês
Correa, Maristela Dutra
Marques, Marcia Martins
Veiga, Jose Antonio Lupi da
Title in Portuguese
Estudo comparativo in vitro das estruturas orgânicas e inorgânicas da dentina saudável e esclerosada humana e bovina: nanodureza, concentração de Ca e P e análise morfológica
Keywords in Portuguese
Compostos Inorgânicos
Dentina Esclerosada
Dentina. Bovinos
Dureza
EDX
Microscopia Eletrônica
Abstract in Portuguese
A dentina esclerosada é um substrato comumente encontrado em pacientes idosos. No entanto, existem poucos estudos comparativos entre dentina humana e bovina esclerosadas. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os componentes inorgânicos e orgânicos da dentina saudável e esclerosada humana e bovina, através de cinco parâmetros: nanodureza, módulo de elasticidade, análise quantitativa da concentração de Cálcio (Ca) e Fósforo (P), densidade tubular e morfologia do colágeno. Trinta dentes humanos e 30 bovinos foram distribuídos em 4 grupos experimentais (n=15 por grupo): dentina humana saudável (DHS), esclerosada humana (DEH), bovina saudável (DBS), e bovina esclerosada (DBE). Os dentes saudáveis foram preparados na mesma altura e inclinação dos dentes esclerosados expondo níveis similares da dentina e obtendo fragmentos com 2mm de espessura. Foram realizadas 3 medições por espécime em 3 áreas pré determinadas de dentina intertubular com a utilização do Nanoindentador (carga de 500N por 5 s). Cinco espécimes de cada grupo foram preparados para Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV). Com o auxílio da Energia Dispersiva por Raios-X EDX foram obtidos os valores (em percentagem) das concentrações de Ca e P e calculada a relação Ca:P. A contagem dos túbulos por área foi realizada em todas as eletromicrografias. Após descalcificação e preparo, o restante dos espécimes foi analisado em Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão (MET). DBS obteve maiores valores de nanodureza comparada à DBE e DHS. DHE sem diferenças com DHS e DBE (p=0,0008). DBS exibiu maiores valores de módulo de elasticidade somente comparada à DHS (p=0,000). A análise estatística não demonstrou diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p=0,71) entre as concentrações de Ca e P. Quanto à densidade tubular (número de túbulos/mm²), os grupos saudáveis foram maiores que os esclerosados e os humanos maiores que os bovinos. As fibras colágenas da DBS mostraram-se mais compactadas e mais desorganizadas que as demais. Pôde se concluir que apenas as concentrações de Ca e P foram similares e que as dentinas esclerosadas humana e bovina mostraram similaridade. Esta pesquisa teve suporte da Fapesp sob o número 2008/10290-8.
Title in English
In vitro comparative study of organic and inorganic components analysis of health and sclerotic human and bovine dentin: nanohardness, Ca and P concentration and morphological analysis
Keywords in English
Bovine
Dentin
EDX
Hardness
Inorganic Chemicals
Microscopy Electron
Sclerotic Dentin
Abstract in English
The sclerotic dentin has been commonly found in elderly patients. However, there are scarce reports in the literature comparing on the use of human and bovine sclerotic dentins. The objective of this study was to compare inorganic and organic components of healthy and sclerotic dentins from human and bovine. Five parameters were analyzed: nanohardness, elastic modulus, quantitative analysis of Calcium (Ca) and Phosphorous (P) concentrations, tubular density and ultrastructural morphology. Thirty human teeth plus 30 bovine teeth were distributed in 4 experimental groups (n=15 per group): human healthy dentin (HHD), human sclerotic dentin (HSD), bovine healthy dentin (BHD) and bovine sclerotic dentin (BSD). Healthy teeth were cut in the same level and inclination of the sclerotic superficial dentins. The nanohardness and elastic modulus (GPa) of three pre determined areas of each exposed dentin was measured using a nanoindenter (500N for 5s). Five samples of each group were prepared for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination. Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) was used for obtaining the Ca/P ratio. The tubular density was obtained by counting the tubules in scanning electron micrographs taken in the same magnification and work distance. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA complemented by the Tukeys test (p0.05). The ultrastructure of the dentins was observed in specimens processed for transmission electron microscopy (TEM). BHD exhibited significant higher nanohardness than BSD and HHD. HSD nanohardness was similar to those of HHD and BSD (p=0,0008). BHD exhibited significant higher elastic modulus than HHD (p=0,000). The Ca:P ratios were similar amongst all groups (p=0.71). The tubular densities were higher in the healthy dentins than in the sclerotic for both human and bovine. The human dentins presented higher tubular densities than bovine dentins (p=0.000). The intertubular dentin of BHD showed short collagen fibers distributed in a condensed fashion; whereas the other dentins exhibited well-organized long bundles of collagen fibers. It was concluded that sclerotic dentins of human and bovine share most morphological and structural characteristics. This research was supported by Fapesp grants number 2008/10290-8.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-04-08
 
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