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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2007.tde-11042008-111533
Document
Author
Full name
Angelo Rafael Calabria Tancredi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Marcucci, Gilberto (President)
Nunes, Fabio Daumas
Silva, Carlos Eduardo Xavier dos Santos Ribeiro da
Title in Portuguese
Estudo clínico, epidemiológico, histológico de papilomas de mucosa oral e sua relação com Papilomavírushumano (HPV) através das técnicas de hibridização in situ e  PCR
Keywords in Portuguese
Diagnóstico histopatológico
Diagnóstico molecular
Hibridização in situ
Papiloma oral
Papilomavírushumano (HPV)
PCR
Abstract in Portuguese
O Papilomavírushumano (HPV) é um DNA vírus do grupo papovavírus, que é altamente transmissível sexualmente, sendo bastante encontrado na região anogenital e mucosa oral. A sua implantação oral pode ser por auto-inoculação ou pelo contato oro-sexual. As principais manifestações orais associadas ao HPV são: papiloma, condiloma acuminado, verruga vulgar e hiperplasia epitelial focal. O papiloma é uma lesão epitelial associada ao HPV e pode ocorrer em vários locais da mucosa oral. Histopatologicamente, o papiloma oral é caracterizado por coilocitose, disceratose, papilomatose, hiperceratose e acantose. A literatura ressalta a importância do estudo dessas lesões, uma vez que estudos demonstram que mesmo com os achados macroscópicos e histológicos serem compatíveis com a presença do vírus, somente técnicas de detecção podem comprovar a presença viral.O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a presença do HPV, por meio das técnicas de hibridização in situ e PCR, em lesões diagnosticadas histopatologicamente como papilomas e comparar esses resultados com características clínicas e histológicas. Cinqüenta casos foram selecionados da Disciplina de Patologia Bucal e da Disciplina de Estomatologia Clínica da FOUSP. Esta seleção de 50 casos foi submetida à reação de hibridização in situ, e 10 casos dentre os mesmos por técnica da PCR e 100% casos foram negativos. Nenhuma das características histológicas previamente analisadas puderam formar estreita relação com a hibridização in situ e PCR. Conclui-se que a análise histopatológica ao HE não se correlaciona com os resultados das técnicas de hibridização in situ e PCR, porém importante ressaltar para detecção do HPV nas lesões estudadas é imprescindível o uso de técnicas de Biologia Molecular otimizadas como a hibridização in situ e PCR realizadas nesse estudo.
Title in English
Clinic, epidemiologic, histologic study of oral papillomas and its relation to Humanpapillomavirus (HPV) by In Situ Hybridization and PCR
Keywords in English
Histopathologic diagnose
Humanpapillomavirus (HPV)
In situ Hybridization
Molecular diagnose
Oral papilloma
PCR
Abstract in English
The Humanpapillomavirus (HPV) is a DNA virus from the group of papovavirus, which is highly sexually transmitted and it can be often found in the anogenital area and in the oral mucosal. The oral implantation can be by self-inoculation or by the oral sexual contact. The main oral appearances associated to HPV are: papilloma, condylomata acuminata, verruca vulgaris and focal epithelial hyperplasia. Papilloma is an epithelial lesion that is associated to HPV and can occurs in many places of the oral mucosal. Histopathologically, the oral papilloma is characterized by koylocitosis, dyskeratosis, papillomatosis, hyperkeratosis and acanthosis. The literature shows the importance of these lesions once studies show that macroscopic and histologic founds suggest the presence of the virus, only detection technics can prove the viral presence. The target of this study is to check the presence of HPV, by means of In situ hybridization and PCR, in lesions diagnosed histopathologically as papillomas and compare these results with clinic and histologic features. Fifty cases were selected from the Discipline of Oral Pathology and the Discipline of Oral Diagnose of FOUSP. This selection of 50 cases were submitted to the reaction of In situ hybridization, and 10 cases among the same by PCR and 100% of the cases were negative. None of the histologic features were previously analyzed could form a narrow relation with the In situ hybridization and PCR. Therefore it is concluded that the histopathologic analysis to HE do not correlate with the results of the In situ hybridization and PCR, however the detection of the HPV in the studied lesions it is absolutely necessary the use of Molecular Biology techniques as the In situ hybridization and PCR done in this study.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-09-05
 
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