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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.23.2012.tde-13042013-115635
Document
Author
Full name
Camila de Barros Gallo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Sugaya, Norberto Nobuo (President)
Almeida, Janete Dias
Lemos Júnior, Celso Augusto
Pegoraro, Camila de Oliveira Rodini
Rocha, Lília Alves
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único em genes de receptores Toll-like em pacientes com líquen plano oral e pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de boca
Keywords in Portuguese
Carcinoma epidermóide de boca
Líquen plano oral
Polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único
Receptores Toll-like
Abstract in Portuguese
Polimorfismos em genes de receptores Toll-like (TLR) podem modular o risco de desenvolvimento de infecção, inflamação crônica e câncer. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação de polimorfismos em TLR ao risco aumentado de desenvolvimento de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, o carcinoma epidermóide (CEC) de boca e de laringe, e lesões bucais com potencial de transformação maligna, como o líquen plano oral (LPO), incluindo lesões idiopáticas e lesões liquenóides (LLO). Para tal foi conduzido um estudo caso-controle com 40 pacientes com CEC de boca, 35 com CEC de laringe, 175 com LPO (129 idiopático e 46 LLO) e 89 controles saudáveis, todos de origem basca. Oito SNP nos TLR1, TLR2, TLR4, TLR6, TLR9 e TLR10 foram genotipados por ensaios TaqMan® ou pirosequenciamento. A análise estatística por meio do teste qui-quadrado mostrou que a variante A, para o SNP TLR2-rs4696480 aumentou significativamente o risco para o desenvolvimento de CEC de boca (p=0.03) e LLO (p=0.0223). O genótipo AT representa risco de desenvolvimento de CEC de boca aumentado em 5.3 vezes quando comparado ao genótipo TT (OR=5.3, IC95%=1.19-13.63), e genótipo AA em 6.6 vezes (OR=6.6, IC95%=1.30-33.89). Quanto ao desenvolvimento de LLO, o genótipo AT representa um aumento no risco de 4.6 vezes comparado ao genótipo TT (OR=4.6, IC95%=1.55-13.38) e o genótipo AA em 4.1 vezes (OR=4.1, IC95%=1.33-12.88). Embora os genótipos AT e AA ocorram com significativa frequência no grupo LPO idiopático (p=0.045), este SNP não foi correlacionado estatisticamente à susceptibilidade de desenvolvimento deste. O SNP TLR2-rs4696480 pode ser relevante para o risco de desenvolvimento de CEC de boca e LLO nesta população, incentivando novos estudos sobre a possível associação destes grupos de doenças e SNP no gene do TLR2, colaborando com a demonstração de polimorfismos de TLR como marcadores úteis do prognóstico e prevenção do câncer de boca.
Title in English
Toll-like receptor single nucleotide polymorphisms in patients with oral lichen planus and oral squamous cell carcinoma
Keywords in English
Oral lichen planus
Oral squamous cell carcinoma
Single nucleotide polymorphisms
Toll-like receptors
Abstract in English
Polymorphisms in toll-like receptor (TLR) genes may modulate the risk of infection, chronic inflammation and cancer. This study investigated whether TLR polymorphisms were associated with an increased risk of head and neck cancer, including oral (OSCC) and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC); and oral premalignant disorders such as oral lichenoid disease (OLD), including oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). This case-control study included 40 OSCC, 35 LSCC, 175 OLD (129 OLP and 46 OLL) patients and 89 healthy controls, all of them from the Basque Country. Genetic polymorphisms in TLR1, TLR2, TLR4, TLR6, TLR9, and TLR10 were genotyped by TaqMan® assays or pyrosequencing. Chi-square analysis showed that the variant A for the SNP TLR2-rs4696480 increased OSCC (p=0.03) and OLL (p=0.0223) risk significantly. AT genotype increases the risk of developing an OSCC by 5.3 times compared with TT genotype (OR=5.3, 95%CI=1.19-13.63), and the AA by 6.6 times (OR=6.6, 95%CI=1.30-33.89). AT genotype increases the risk of developing OLL by 4.6 times compared with TT genotype (OR=4.6, 95%CI=1.55-13.38) and the AA by 4.1 times (OR=4.1, 95%CI=1.33-12.88). Although these mutated genotypes were significantly frequent in the OLP group (p=0.045), this SNP was not correlated with OLP susceptibility. TLR2-rs4696480 polymorphism may be relevant to OSCC and OLL susceptibility in this population; encouraging further studies to assess the possible association of this group of potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer with TLR2 SNP, which may help to demonstrate that TLR polymorphisms may be useful markers to prognosis and cancer prevention.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-05-27
 
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