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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2016.tde-03112016-151032
Document
Author
Full name
Cláudia Carrara Cotomácio
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Gonçalves, Alyne Simões (President)
Alves, Fábio de Abreu
Ribeiro, Martha Simões
Santos, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues dos
Title in Portuguese
Estudo dosimétrico do efeito do laser de baixa potência na mucosite oral induzida por 5-Fluorouracil em hamsters
Keywords in Portuguese
Laser de Baixa Potência
Laserterapia
Mucosite Oral
Quimioterapia
Abstract in Portuguese
A Mucosite Oral (MO) é uma consequência debilitante do tratamento oncológico, que pode ser tratada com o uso do laser de baixa potência (LBP). Entretanto, ainda não há consenso na literatura a respeito de parâmetros dosimétricos para o reparo da mucosa oral. Dessa forma, o objetivo do estudo foi comparar diferentes protocolos com laser de baixa potência (FLBP) para o tratamento da MO, através de análises clínicas e histológicas. Quinze hamsters foram usados, em um modelo de indução de MO por 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) e ranhuras superficiais na mucosa oral, com 7 dias de acompanhamento clínico. Os animais foram divididos em cinco grupos: Controle (C), que recebeu apenas anestesia e o veículo do quimioterápico, Controle-Quimioterapia (CQ) que recebeu anestesia, 5-FU e ranhuras, Laser Protocolo 1 (L1) que recebeu o mesmo do grupo CQ + FLBP 6 J/cm²/0,24 J (um ponto), Laser Protocolo 2 (L2) o mesmo do grupo CQ + FLBP 25 J/cm²/1 J (um ponto) e Laser Protocolo 3 (L3), o mesmo do grupo CQ + FLBP 6 J/cm²/0,96 J (4 pontos de 0,24J). O laser foi utilizado em ?=660 nm, com área do spot de 0,04 cm² e 40 mW de potência. O melhor protocolo de FLBP para manter os graus de MO mais baixos, em relação ao grupo CQ, foi o L1, seguido dos protocolos L2 e L3. Os resultados histológicos demonstraram padrão semelhante entre os grupos L1, L2 e C, com alguns vasos sanguíneos e a presença de um fino epitélio de aspecto contínuo no dia 7. Nossos resultados sugerem que o modo de aplicação do LBP e a energia entregue por área pode interferir na reparação da MO.
Title in English
Dosimetric study of Low Level Laser Therapy in oral mucositis induced by 5-Fluorouracil in hamsters
Keywords in English
Chemotherapy
Hamsters
Laser therapy
Low level laser therapy
Mucositis
Abstract in English
Oral mucositis (OM) is a dose-limited debilitating consequence from cancer treatment that could be treated with low level laser therapy (LLLT); however, there is no consensus about its dosimetric parameters for oral mucosa healing. Thus, the aim of this study is to compare different LLLT protocols on the treatment of OM, through clinical and histological analysis. Fifteen hamsters were used, in an induced model of OM by 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and superficial scratching in oral mucosa, in seven days of follow-up. The animals were divided into 5 groups: Control (C) which received only anesthesia and chemotherapic vehicle; Control-Chemotherapy (Ch) which received anesthesia, 5-FU and scratches; Laser Protocol 1 (L1) the same as Ch group + LLLT 6 J/cm²/0.24J (one point); Laser Protocol 2 (L2) the same as Ch group + LLLT 25J/cm²/1J (one point); and Laser Protocol 3 (L3) the same as Ch group + LLLT 6 J/cm²/0.96 J (4 points of 0.24J). The laser that was used has ?=660 nm, 0.04 cm² of spot area and 40 mW of power. The best LLLT protocol to maintain lowest OM levels compared to Ch group was L1, followed by L2 and L3. Histological results demonstrated a similar pattern among L1, L2 and C groups, with some blood vessels presence and continuous aspect of a thin epithelium, on day 7. Our results suggest that the application mode of LLLT and the energy delivered per area could interfere in the oral mucositis healing.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-11-21
 
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