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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2010.tde-03072010-102453
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Albuquerque Basilio dos Santos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Lima, Luiz Antonio Pugliesi Alves de (President)
Jardini, Maria Aparecida Neves
Pustiglioni, Francisco Emilio
Title in Portuguese
Reparação ao redor de implantes de titânio após regeneração óssea guiada com membrana reabsorvível
Keywords in Portuguese
Colágeno
Membrana
Osseointegração
Osteogênese
Regeneração óssea
Transplante ósseo
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo desse estudo foi descrever o padrão de reparação da ROG, após o uso de osso autógeno e membrana de colágeno suíno (BioGide). Foram utilizados 30 ratos machos Wistar, nos quais 30 mini-implantes fixaram enxerto ósseo autógeno do tipo onlay, originário de osso parietal, na região do ângulo da mandíbula. Os enxertos foram recobertos com membranas de colágeno e os animais sacrificados nos períodos de zero hora, 14, 21, 45 e 150 dias. As amostras foram descalcificadas e processadas pela técnica de fratura (Berglundh et al., 1991). Após 2 semanas, a interface entre o leito e o enxerto encontrava-se preenchida por tecido conjuntivo imaturo rico em vasos e fibroblastos. Aos 21 dias, observou-se osso neoformado sob a membrana e junto aos bordos do enxerto, integrando o enxerto ao leito. Este apresentava intensa remodelação, de modo que junto às fresas do implante observamos osso imaturo e vasos. Aos 45 dias, a estrutura colágena original da membrana apresentou avançado grau de reabsorção e diminuição da sua espessura. O tecido ósseo formado sob a membrana demonstrou início de organização lamelar. No período final, após 150 dias, o enxerto apresentou-se completamente integrado ao osso receptor e com adiantado grau de maturação. Conclui-se que após 21 dias, o osso neoformado estava em contato com o enxerto e o implante. No período de 45 dias, observou-se maturação inicial do tecido ósseo e avançada biodegradação da membrana. Apenas após 150 dias, pudemos assegurar a integração do enxerto ao osso neoformado na região do leito, com ganho adicional de tecido ósseo.
Title in English
Healing around titanium implants after guided bone regeneration with bioresorbable membrane
Keywords in English
Autogenous bone graft
Biodegradation
Collagen membrane
Dental implants
Guided bone regeneration
Abstract in English
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the repair pattern after guided bone regeneration (GBR), using an autogenous bone graft covered with a porcine collagen membrane (BioGide). Thirty male Wistar rats received an onlay autogenous bone graft, harvested from parietal bone, laid on the external area near the angle of the mandible with titanium fixtures. The grafts were covered with a collagen membrane and the animals were sacrificed at 0 hour, 14, 21, 45 and 150 days. Decalcified sections were prepared according to the fracture technique (Berglundh et al., 1991). After two weeks, the bed-graft interface presented an immature connective tissue layer, containing fibroblasts-like cells and vessels. After 21 days, under the membrane, newly formed trabecular bone established bridges connecting the bed and the lateral borders of the graft. The receptor bed showed intense remodeling and adjacent to the implant threads, immature bone and vessels could be seen. After 45 days, the collagen structure of the membrane presented extensive resorption and a large decrease in thickness. The bone tissue, under the membrane, exhibited initial lamellar bone arrangement. After 150 days, a complete fusion of the graft with the receptor bed and an advanced level of bone maturity of the graft were observed. It was concluded that, after 21 days, the newly formed bone was in direct contact both with the graft and the implant. At 45 days the porcine collagen membrane showed advanced stage of resorption and an initial bone maturity could be observed. Only at 150 days, we could assure the graft integration to the newly formed bone at bed receptor area, with additional bone tissue gain.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-07-13
 
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