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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.23.2009.tde-28092009-153134
Document
Author
Full name
Fernando Peixoto Soares
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Sousa, Suzana Cantanhede Orsini Machado de (President)
Casati, Marcio Zaffalon
Chavez, Victor Elias Arana
Hiraki, Karen Renata Nakamura
Pustiglioni, Francisco Emilio
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação de componentes da matriz extracelular na reparação de defeitos de furca classe II após o enxerto de tecido reparativo de alvéolos dentários tratados com fatores de crescimento
Keywords in Portuguese
Enxerto ósseo
Fator de crescimento derivado de plaquetas-BB
Fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina-I
Osteonectina
Osteopontina
Sialoproteína óssea
Abstract in Portuguese
O tecido reparativo de alvéolos de extração foi proposto como material de enxerto no tratamento de defeitos periodontais e a adição de fatores de crescimento aos alvéolos de extração melhoraria o potencial regenerativo deste tecido quando utilizado como enxerto. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar qualitativamente, por meio de análise imuno-histoquímica, a reparação de defeitos agudos de furca classe II após o enxerto deste tecido. Foram extraídos os segundos e terceiros pré-molares superiores de 4 cães. Nos alvéolos resultantes foram aplicados fator de crescimento derivado de plaquetas-BB (PDGF-BB) e fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina-I (IGF-I), na concentração de 6 !g/ml cada. Após cinco dias, 24 defeitos agudos (12 controles e 12 testes) foram criados nos segundos, terceiros e quartos pré-molares inferiores. Apenas os sítios teste receberam o enxerto. Os retalhos foram posicionados coronariamente em ambos os lados e suturados. Após 45 dias, os espécimes foram analisados, em um plano vestíbulo-lingual, por meio de técnica imuno-histoquímica para osteopontina (OPN), sialoproteína óssea (BSP) e osteonectina (ONC). Nos tecidos periodontais originais, a marcação para os anticorpos testados foi fracamente positiva para a matriz extracelular (MEC), caracterizando a presença de tecidos maduros. Já no interior dos defeitos, houve diferença na marcação entre grupos, com marcação mais pronunciada para BSP e OPN no grupo controle, evidenciando uma maior atividade metabólica neste grupo, sugerindo que os tecidos reparativos do grupo teste já se encontravam em uma fase mais avançada do processo de reparação.
Title in English
Histological study of the healing of class II furcation defects following the graft of healing tissue from extraction sockets previously treated with growth factors.
Keywords in English
Bone transplant
Insulin-like growth factor
Platelet derived growth factor
Abstract in English
The tissue from healing extraction sockets is considered an excellent bone grafting material in the therapy of periodontal defects and the association of growth factors to the extraction sockets would increase the regenerative potential of this tissue when utilized as a bone graft. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate qualitatively the healing of acute class II furcation defects when grafted with granulation tissue from healing extraction sockets previously treated with an association of platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), both in a concentration of 6 !g/ml. The second an third upper premolars of four dogs were extracted and the growth factors were applied into the sockets. After a healing period of five days, 24 class II furcation defects (12 tests and 12 controls) were surgically created at the buccal surface of the second, third and fourth mandibular premolars. The 12 experimental sites were grafted with the tissue from the healing sockets, while the 12 control sites healed without any graft. The flaps were coronally positioned and sutured. After 45 days, tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for osteopontina (OPN), bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteonectina (ONC), in a buccal-lingual plane. Histologically, healing occurred similarly in both groups. Pristine periodontal tissues extracellular matrix stained faintly for the tested antibodies, which characterized the presence of mature tissues. The staining of test and control healing tissues showed a more intense metabolic activity of the control group. This fact suggests that the tissues in the treated defect of test group were already in a more advanced phase of the repair process.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-12-21
 
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