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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2005.tde-27092005-144021
Document
Author
Full name
Katia Aparecida Bueno Santos Bastos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Cardozo, Hilda Ferreira (President)
Antunes, Jose Leopoldo Ferreira
Nunes, Mauricio Rodolfo Loiacono
Title in Portuguese
"Análise da ocorrência e classificação penal das lesões maxilofaciais do Instituto Médico Legal do Município de Taubaté"
Keywords in Portuguese
acidentes de trânsito
agressão física
Palavras-Chave: Trauma Facial
Traumatismo maxilofacial
Abstract in Portuguese
Nesta pesquisa, foi realizado o levantamento da ocorrência de traumatismos faciais e dentários. A autora utilizou na sua amostra 1.374 laudos de vítimas de traumatismos faciais presentes nos arquivos do Instituto Médico Legal do Município de Taubaté. A maioria das vítimas de traumatismos faciais (61,4%) da amostra é do sexo masculino, na faixa etária dos 20 aos 29 anos de idade e o agente etiológico mais freqüente foi a violência interpessoal. Dos traumatismos faciais, 93,1% das vítimas tiveram lesões de tecido mole, 2,5% apenas lesões de tecido duro e 4,4% apresentaram lesões associadas de tecido mole e duro. No que tange aos tecidos duros, verificou-se que 54,3% das vítimas sofreram somente fraturas ósseas, 31,4% tiveram lesões dentárias e 5,2% traumatismos ósteo-dentários. Os traumatismos dentários ocorreram com maior freqüência no sexo masculino (54,8%) e idade entre 20 a 29 anos e predominou como agente etiológico a violência interpessoal. A maioria das vítimas (61,3%) de traumatismos dentários teve o envolvimento de um único dente. A avaliação do dano, presente nos laudos, classificou a maioria dos traumas dentários como sendo de natureza grave (45,2%). Verificou-se também que, após a vigência da lei de obrigatoriedade do uso do cinto de segurança, houve uma redução de 5,9% nas vítimas de acidentes de trânsito com traumas faciais
Title in English
Analysis of the occurrence and criminal classification of the maxillofaciais injuries at the Legal Medical Institute of Taubaté.
Keywords in English
Facial trauma
maxillofacial trauma
physical aggression
traffic accidents
Abstract in English
This is a study of the occurrences of facial and dental traumas. Its sample was composed by 1.374 awards of facial traumas victims from the files of the Legal Medical Institute of Taubaté. On the sample, the majority of the victims with facial traumas are of the male gender (61,4%), at the age group of 20 to 29 years old, injured as a result of interpersonal violence – main etiological agent. Among facial traumas, 93,1% of the victims had soft tissue injuries, 2,5% had hard tissue injuries and 4,4% had both injuries. Concerning hard tissues, among the victims, 54,3% suffered only bone fractures, 31,4% suffered only dental injuries and 5,2% had both of them. The dental traumas occurred more frequently among the male gender (54,8%), aged between 20 and 29, and predominantly as consequence of interpersonal violence. The majority of the victims (61,3%) with dental traumas damaged only one tooth. According to the loss evaluation, from the awards, most of the dental traumas were of grave nature (45,2%). Another finding from the study was that after security belt became obligatory there has been a decrease of 5,9% of the victims from traffic accidents with facial traumas
 
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KatiaBastos.pdf (602.55 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-04-11
 
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