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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2017.tde-06032017-114815
Document
Author
Full name
Natacha Kalline de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Deboni, Maria Cristina Zindel (President)
Guimaraes Filho, Rubens
Homem, Maria da Graça Naclerio
Moreira, Maria Stella Nunes Araujo
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da viabilidade, proliferação e potencial osteogênico de células tronco de polpa dentária humana cultivadas sobre membranas de poli £-caprolactona/poli (rotaxano)
Keywords in Portuguese
Biomateriais poliméricos
Células-tronco
Polpa dentária
Abstract in Portuguese
A busca por um material de enxertia que se adapte às necessidades do cirurgião bucomaxilofacial e também que proporcione ao paciente retorno de sua função com menores danos possíveis, tem sido incessante. O enxerto autógeno é ainda hoje considerado padrão ouro devido suas propriedades, porém, ele apresenta algumas desvantagens, sendo que as maiorias de suas complicações estão associadas ao leito doador. Atualmente, a engenharia de biomateriais trabalha com o desenvolvimento de novos materiais e recursos principalmente na área de regeneração tecidual. Neste contexto, scaffolds de origem natural ou sintética com o propósito de promover a regeneração de tecidos tem sido amplamente estudados. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar in vitro o comportamento biológico quanto à viabilidade, proliferação celular, adesão e potencial de diferenciação de células tronco de polpa dentária humana cultivadas sobre amostras de scaffold composto por uma nova blenda de poli ?-caprolactona/poli (rotaxano). Células tronco de polpa dentária de molares humanos (hDPSCs) foram cultivadas a partir de amostras congeladas e re-caracterizadas. As células foram semeadas sobre amostras dos scaffolds e sob lamínulas de vidro e cultivadas em diferentes meios: clonogênico, mineralizante e condicionado pelo extrato do biomaterial por 1,3,7,14 e 21 dias. Foram avaliadas as curvas de crescimento e viabilidade celulares, a atividade de fosfatase alcalina, a formação de nódulos de mineralização. A adesão celular foi observada por microscopia eletrônica de varredura até o cultivo de 7 dias. Os scaffolds eram lisos, flexíveis e mostraram-se anfifílicos com características físicas de fibras dispostas aleatoriamente e poros interconectados com diâmetro médio de 13,5?m e abertura com área média de 87,14µm2. As hDPSCs expressaram níveis típicos de marcadores de superfície de células-tronco mesenquimais. Não houve inibição de crescimento celular na interface com o biomaterial. As curvas de crescimento e viabilidade mostraram-se mais significativas (p<0.01), especialmente em 7 dias, para as culturas sobre os scaffolds em meio clonogênico. Resultados semelhantes foram observados com o meio mineralizante (p<0.05). Houve maior formação de nódulos de mineralização nas culturas com a presença dos scaffolds, ou seja, o biomaterial estimulou a diferenciação celular. Em microscopia eletrônica de varredura as células mostraram-se aderidas até o período de 7 dias com formação de lençóis sobre os scaffolds. A blenda de poli £-caprolactona/poli (rotaxano) apresentou biocompatibilidade in vitro, revelando aspectos promissores de serem funcionalizadas por células tronco derivadas de polpa dentária humana com potencial de uso como biomaterial bioativo para bioengenharia de tecido ósseo.
Title in English
Assessment of the feasibility, proliferation and osteogenic potential of stem cells from human dental pulp cultured on poly £-caprolactone / poly (rotaxane) membranes
Keywords in English
Dental pulp
Polymeric biomaterials
Stem cell
Abstract in English
The search for a graft material that provides patient with rehabilitation with little damage and also suits maxillofacial surgeon needs has been incessant. Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard for grafting because of its properties, although it has some disadvantages and the majority of its complications are associated with the donor site. Currently, bioengineering develops new materials and resources primarily for tissue regeneration area. In this context, scaffolds of natural or synthetic origin with the purpose of promoting tissue regeneration have been widely studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro biological behavior as viability, cell proliferation, adhesion and potential of stem cell differentiation of human dental pulp grown on scaffold samples composed of a new blend of poly £-caprolactone/poly(rotaxano). Dental pulp stem cells obtained from human molars (hDPSCs) were grown from frozen samples and re-characterized. Cells were seeded onto scaffolds samples or glass coverslips and cultured in different media: clonogenic, mineralizing and conditioned by the biomaterial extract per 1,3,7,14 and 21 days. Cells growth curves and viability, alkaline phosphatase activity, formation of mineralized nodules were assessed. Cell adhesion was observed by scanning electron microscopy up to 7 days cultures. Scaffolds were flat, flexible and proved to be amphiphilic with physical characteristics of randomly arranged fibers and pores interconnected with an average diameter of 13,5?m and aperture average area of 87,14µm2. The hDPSCs expressed typical levels of mesenchymal stem cell surface markers. There was no inhibition of cell growth at the biomaterial interface. The growth rates and viability were more significant (p <0.01), especially in 7 days, to cultures over scaffolds in clonogenic medium. Similar results were observed with the mineralizing medium (p <0.05). There formation of mineralized nodules was increased in the cultures in the presence of scaffolds, in other words, the biomaterial stimulated cell differentiation. In scanning electron microscopy the cells were shown to be attached until 7-day period with formation of sheets over the scaffolds. The blend of poly ?-caprolactone/poly(rotaxano) shows biocompatibility in vitro, revealing promising aspects to be functionalized by stem cells derived from human dental pulp with potential to be used as bioactive biomaterials for bone tissue bioengineering.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-03-22
 
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