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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.23.2008.tde-28042009-122238
Document
Author
Full name
Alessandro Costa da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Campos, Antonio Carlos de (President)
Araújo, Marcelo Marotta
Dias, Reinaldo Brito e
Moreira, Roger William Fernandes
Sardinha, Sandra de Cássia Santana
Title in Portuguese
Análise das intercorrências e complicações interferentes na instalação e perda primária dos implantes dentais osteointegráveis - um estudo retrospectivo
Keywords in Portuguese
Complicações
Implantes dentários
Reconstrução óssea
Abstract in Portuguese
Intrinsecamente, todo procedimento cirúrgico apresenta um certo índice de intercorrências e/ou complicações associadas. Hemorragias, infecções, parestesias ou disestesias e perda primária dos implantes são algumas das intercorrências e complicações mais comuns relacionadas a procedimentos cirúrgicos para implantodontia. Este estudo avaliou retrospectivamente o índice de intercorrências e complicações após cirurgia para a instalação de implantes dentais osteointegráveis. Foram avaliados, retrospectivamente, 660 prontuários clínicos de pacientes submetidos à instalação de implantes osteointegráveis no período 8 anos atendidos na Área de Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial da Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - Unicamp. Os resultados demonstraram que houve um maior índice de intercorrências e complicações quando os pacientes eram atendidos por alunos de especialização (p= 0,015) e quando o exame por imagem realizado era somente a radiografia panorâmica convencional (p= 0,011). Os resultados demonstraram também um maior índice de intercorrências e complicações nos pacientes quando estes eram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos de reconstrução óssea alveolar (p< 0,0001). A presença de infecção pós-operatória influenciou significativamente para o aumento no índice de perda primária de implantes (p< 0,0001).
Title in English
Analysis of intercurrences and complications interfering in the placement and primary loss of osseointegratable dental implants a retrospective study
Keywords in English
Bone reconstruction
Complications
Dental implants
Abstract in English
Intrinsically, every surgical procedure presents a certain rate of associated intercurrences and/or complications. Hemorrhages, infections, paresthesias or dysesthesias and primary loss of implants are some of the most common intercurrences and complications related to surgical procedures in implant dentistry. This study conducted a retrospective evaluation of the rate of intercurrences and complications related to patients submitted to osseointegratable dental implant placement. A retrospective evaluation was made of 660 clinical record charts of patients submitted to osseointegratable dental implants in the period of 8 years, attended in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Piracicaba Dental School - Unicamp. The results showed that there was a higher rate of intercurrences and complications when patients were attended by residents (p= 0.015) and when the panoramic radiograph was the only preoperative image exam requested (p= 0.011). The results also showed a higher rate of intercurrences and complications in patients when they were submitted to surgical procedures of alveolar bone reconstruction (p< 0.0001). The presence of post-operative infection had a significant influence on the increase in the primary loss of implants (p< 0.0001).
 
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Publishing Date
2009-12-12
 
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