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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2011.tde-20092011-173507
Document
Author
Full name
Felipe Andres Ortiz Poblete
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Homem, Maria da Graca Naclerio (President)
Coto, Neide Pena
Haypek, Patrícia
Title in Portuguese
Análise por meio do método dos elementos finitos de um protetor bucal para atividades esportivas
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise de elementos finitos
Bioengenharia
Odontologia do esporte
Protetor bucal
Abstract in Portuguese
O uso de protetores bucais na prática de esportes tem ampliado espaço no contexto da prevenção de traumas bucais, bem como apresentado melhoria no desempenho ao longo de sua história. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o comportamento do complexo buco dento alveolar (lábio, dentes, osso alveolar e ligamento periodontal) por meio do método dos elementos finitos. A metodologia utilizada foi a partir de um modelo em formato esterolitográfico oriundo de uma tomografia computadorizada, o qual foi convertido para um modelo 3D pelo programa Rhinoceros® versão 4.0 sem protetor bucal (controle) e com protetor bucal de 4.0mm de espessura em EVA (copolímero de etileno e acetato de vinila), os quais receberam três cargas diferentes (500, 1000 e 1500N) no programa ANSYS® v12 em regime quaseestático, de caráter elástico linear. Pudemos observar que houve um padrão de comportamento das estruturas envolvidas quanto à dissipação das tensões geradas e ao se comparar o modelo controle com o modelo provido de protetor bucal houve uma absorção das tensões geradas em até 50%, permitindo confirmar a ação do protetor bucal em literatura e tornando o seu uso imperativo durante a prática de esportes, em especial as modalidades de maior contato.
Title in English
Analysis through the finite element method of a mouthguard for sports activities
Keywords in English
Bioengineering
Finite elements analysis
Mouthguard
Sport dentistry
Abstract in English
The use of mouthguards in the practice of sports has expanded space in the prevention of oral trauma, and presented performance improvement over its history. The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavior of complex buco dental alveolar (lip, teeth, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone) through the finite element method. The methodology used was based on a sterelithographic model come from a CT scan, which was converted to a 3D model by the program Rhinoceros® version 4.0 without a mouthguard (control) and mouthguard 4.0mm-thick EVA (copolymerof ethylene and vinyl acetate), which received three different loads (500, 1000 and 1500N) in ANSYS® v12 under quasi-static, linear elastic character. We noticed that there was a pattern of behavior of the structures involved and the dissipation of the tensions generated and compare the model with the control model was fitted with a mouthguard absorbs stresses generated by 50%, allowing to confirm the action of the mouthguard in literature and making its use mandatory for participation in sports, in particular the modalities for greater contact.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-10-05
 
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