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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.25.2012.tde-08022013-084557
Document
Author
Full name
Bella Luna Colombini Ishikiriama
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Carlos Ferreira dos (President)
Cardoso, Sandra Lia do Amaral
Lara, Vanessa Soares
Oliveira, Sandra Helena Penha de
Sant'Ana, Adriana Campos Passanezi
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da expressão e produção de componentes do sistema renina-angiotensina por fibroblastos de gengiva e ligamento periodontal humanos
Keywords in Portuguese
Doença Periodontal
Fibroblastos
Gengiva
Ligamento Periodontal.
Sistema Renina-Angiotensina
Abstract in Portuguese
O Sistema Renina-angiotensina (SRA), e um sistema capaz de gerar hormonios peptideos com grande impacto na regulacao cardiovascular e na patogenese das doencas cardiovasculares. Este sistema opera, por meio das acoes da Angiotensina II, tanto em nivel sistemico (endocrino) quanto tecidual (local, paracrino/autocrino) controlando importantes funcoes, varias delas relacionadas a facilitacao da instalacao e progressao do processo inflamatorio. Por este motivo, a producao desta proteina nos tecidos pode estar relacionada a patogenese de muitas doencas, dentre elas a doenca periodontal (DP), tendo em vista seu carater infeccioso-inflamatorio e os achados da literatura que mostram que a inibicao da formacao de Ang II, diminui a perda óssea da DP em animais. Desta forma, o presente trabalho teve como objetivos: Avaliar in vitro, a) A expressao de componentes do SRA (ANGT, RENINA, ECA, ECA-2, AT1, AT2 e Mas) por fibroblastos de gengiva e ligamento periodontal humanos, por RT-qPCR; b) A producao de componentes do SRA (RENINA, ECA, ECA-2) no sobrenadante de culturas de fibroblastos de gengiva e ligamento periodontal humanos, por ELISA; c) A producao dos receptores do SRA (AT1, AT2 e Mas), nestes fibroblastos, por Imunofluorescencia e d) Se a expressao e a producao dos componentes do SRA por fibroblastos de gengiva e ligamento periodontal humanos, se alteram com a estimulacao por LPS de P. gingivalis e E. coli. Apos a coleta, os dados foram analisados com o auxilio do programa GraphPad Prism 5.0. por meio da analise de variancia a 2 criterios (ANOVA-two way) seguida do pos teste de Bonferroni, com nivel de significancia de 5% para a verificacao das possíveis diferencas. Foi detectada a expressao genica para alguns dos componentes do SRA (ANGT, RENINA, ECA, AT1) por fibroblastos tanto de gengiva quanto de ligamento periodontal. Foi detectada ainda uma expressao genica diferenciada entre fibroblastos de gengiva e ligamento periodontal para a ECA, sendo significativamente maior nos fibroblastos da gengiva. Houve imunomarcacao positiva tanto nos fibroblastos de gengiva quanto de ligamento periodontal compativel com a presenca dos receptores AT1 e Mas. Pode-se observar por fim que o contato com LPS de P. gingivalis e E. coli, na concentracao de 10 g/mL/24 h, nao alteram a expressão dos componentes do SRA. Portanto, pode-se concluir que os fibroblastos tanto de gengiva quanto de ligamento periodontal apesar de nao expressarem e produzirem todos oscomponentes do SRA necessarios para a formacao local de Ang II, poderiam contribuir, ainda que parcialmente, com outras celulas do microambiente dos tecidos periodontais para a formacao e acao locais da Ang II, e assim, para a instalacao e progressao da DP.
Title in English
Study of expression and production of the renin-angiotensin system components by gingival and periodontal ligament human fibroblasts
Keywords in English
Fibroblasts
Gingival Tissue
Periodontal Disease
Periodontal Ligament
Renin-Angiotensin System
Abstract in English
The Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) can generate hormones that have a high-impact on cardiovascular regulation as well as in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. This system acts through both systemic (endocrine) and local (paracrine/autocrine) effects of Angiotensin II, controlling important functions related to the facilitation of installation and progression of the inflammatory process. For this reason, this proteins production in tissues can be associated to the pathogenesis of many diseases, including periodontal disease (PD). In the PD setting, a infectious-inflammatory characterized disease, the literature findings shows that inhibition of the Ang II formation can decrease the bone loss in animals. In this context, the aims of the present study were: to investigate in vitro: a) the expression of RAS components (ANGT, RENIN, ECA, ECA- 2, AT1, AT2 and Mas) by human gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts by RT-qPCR; b) the production of RAS receptors (AT1, AT2 and Mas) by human cultured gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts by Immunofluorescence and d) the production of RAS components (RENIN, ECA, ECA-2) if the expression and production of RAS components by gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts modify under P. gingivalis and E. coli LPS stimulation. After collected, the data were analysed using GraphPad Prism 5.0, by the two way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post test with a significance level of 5%. Gene expression was detected for some of the RAS components (ANGT, RENIN, ECA, AT1) by both gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts. It was detected a differential gene expression between gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts for ECA, being significantly higher in gingival fibroblasts. There was a stain in Immunofluorescence compatible with the production of RAS receptors (AT1 and Mas). It must be noted that the stimulation with P. gingivalis and E. coli LPS, in a concentration of 10 g/mL/24 h, did not altered the expression of RAS components. In conclusion, despite of neither gingival or periodontal ligament fibroblasts express all components of RAS, needed to local formation of Ang II, they might also contribute to the local formation and action of Ang II and in consequence, to the installation and the progression of DP.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-02-08
 
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