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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Andres Naveda Araque
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Carreira, Daniela Gamba Garib (President)
Almeida, Arací Malagodi de
Freitas, Marcos Roberto de
Santos, Alexandre Magno dos
Title in English
Dentoskeletal and facial features comparison between individuals treated with four first premolar extraction in the 1970s and in the new millennium
Abstract in English
Introduction: The frequency of first premolar extractions in Orthodontics has remarkably decreased in the last 40 years. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the dentoskeletal initial features of patients treated with four first premolar extractions in the 1970s and in the new millennium. Materials and Methods: Group 1 was composed by 30 subjects with Class I malocclusion (mean age of 12.8 years, 10 males, 20 females) treated in the 1970s with four first premolar extraction and comprehensive orthodontic treatment. Group 2 comprised 30 subjects with Class I malocclusion (mean age of 13.4 years, 13 males, 17 females) treated in the new millennium similarly to Group 1. Initial dental models and lateral cephalograms were digitized and measured using OrthoAnalyzerTM 3D software and Dolphin Imaging 11.0 software, respectively. Initial dentoskeletal features were analyzed and compared. Intergroup comparison was performed using independent t tests (p<0.05). Results: Group 2 showed an increased maxillary and mandibular protrusion, a greater maxillary and mandibular body lengths and an increased incisor protrusion in comparison to Group 1. Group 2 also showed a greater lower anterior facial height and a greater vertical development of molars and maxillary incisors. Conclusion: Patients with Class I malocclusion treated with four first premolar extraction in the new millennium present an increased degree of maxillomandibular, dental and labial protrusion, an increased lower anterior facial height, an acute nasolabial angle and similar anterior dental crowding compared to patients treated similarly in the 1970s decade. Severe bimaxillary skeletal and dental protrusion determined first premolars extractions in the new millennium.
Title in Portuguese
Comparação das características dentoesqueléticas e faciais de pacientes tratados com extração de 4 primeiros pré-molares na década de 70 e no novo milênio
Keywords in Portuguese
Dente prémolar
Estética dentária
Extração dentária
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe I
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A frequência de extração de quatro primeiros pré-molares tem diminuído significativamente nos últimos 40 anos. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi comparar as características dentoesqueléticas iniciais de pacientes tratados com extração de quatro primeiros pré-molares na década de 70 e o novo milênio. Materiais e Métodos: O Grupo 1 estava composto por 30 pacientes com maloclusão de Classe I (idade média de 12.8 anos, 10 homens, 20 mulheres) tratados na década de 1970 com extração de quatro primeiros pré-molares e ortodontia fixa. O Grupo 2 estava composto por 30 pacientes com maloclusão de Classe I (idade média de 13.4 anos, 13 homens, 17 mulheres) tratados no novo milênio similar ao Grupo 1. Modelos e telerradiografias iniciais foram digitalizadas e medidas utilizando o OrthoAnalyzerTM 3D software e Dolphin Imaging 11.0 software, respectivamente. As características dentoesqueléticas inicias foram analisadas e comparadas. A comparação intergrupo foi realizada utilizando o teste t independente (p<0.05). Resultados: O Grupo 2 mostrou maior protrusão maxilar e mandibular, maior tamanho efetivo da maxila e da mandíbula e uma maior protrusão dos incisivos em relação ao grupo 1. O Grupo 2 também mostrou maior altura facial anteroinferior e maior desenvolvimento vertical dos molares e incisivos superiores. Conclusão: Em pacientes com maloclusão de Classe I é a severidade da briprotrusão inicial que determina a necessidade de realizar extração de primeiros pré-molares no novo milênio.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-06-04
 
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