• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2010.tde-01062011-095409
Document
Author
Full name
Janaína Maniezo de Sousa
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Lima, Jose Eduardo de Oliveira (President)
Gomide, Marcia Ribeiro
Rios, Daniela
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da maturação pós-eruptiva do esmalte de dentes humanos hígidos e sua resposta frente a um desafio cariogênico in vitro por meio da microdureza longitudinal
Keywords in Portuguese
Cárie dentária
Dureza
Erupção dentária
Esmalte dentário
Abstract in Portuguese
Sabe-se que dentes recém-irrompidos são mais susceptíveis a lesões cariosas comparados aos dentes mais velhos. O risco elevado à desmineralização tem sido também comprovado por experimentos in vitro. No entanto, a maioria dos trabalhos é realizada com amostras polidas provenientes de diferentes tipos de dentes. Adicionalmente, não há dados comparativos entre a mesma amostra hígida e desmineralizada. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto da maturação pós-eruptiva do esmalte humano hígido sobre a desmineralização in vitro por meio da microdureza longitudinal. Cada grupo de dentes foi composto por 12 espécimes de esmalte de terceiros molares: não irrompidos, com 1 a 6 meses de erupção e com 2 a 3 anos de erupção. As amostras foram protegidas em 2/3 da superfície e submetidas à formação de lesão cariosa artificial (gel de metilcelulose com ácido lático, pH 4,6, 14 dias). A microdureza longitudinal foi realizada na superfície hígida e desmineralizada nas distâncias de 10 a 220µm. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA/Tukey ou Kruskall-Wallis/Dunn (p<0,05). As médias de dureza da superfície hígida (KHN), o KHN (superfície cariada) e a profundidade da lesão (m) para os grupos submetidos ao desafio cariogênico foram, respectivamente: incluso (333,2/13.567/81,67), 1-6m (355,9/13.332/78,33) e 2-3a (382,9/14.019/73,33). Concluiu-se que dentes com diferentes idades pós-eruptivas apresentam diferenças em relação à microdureza longitudinal do esmalte hígido que podem não refletir em maior susceptibilidade à desmineralização quando um gel acidificado é utilizado para provocar lesão de cárie artificial.
Title in English
Assessment of maturity post-eruptive enamel of healthy enamel human teeth and its response against a in vitro cariogenic challenge through longitudinal microhardness
Keywords in English
Dental caries
Dental enamel
Hardness
Tooth eruption
Abstract in English
It is known that newly erupted teeth are more susceptible to carious lesions compared to older teeth. The high risk of demineralization has also been proven by in vitro experiments. However, most work is performed with polished samples from different types of teeth. Additionally, there is no comparative data between sound and demineralized enamel from the same tooth. Therefore, this in vitro study evaluated enamel maturation at different depths in sound and demineralized human teeth at different posteruptive ages by cross-sectional hardness (CSH). Each group was composed by 12 enamel samples from 3rd molars: unerupted, with 1-6 months and 2-3 years. The samples had two thirds of the surface protected and were subjected to demineralization (methylcellulose gel/lactic acid, pH 4.6, 14 days). Cross-sectional hardness was performed on sound and demineralized enamel on distances from 10 to 220µm. Data were analyzed by ANOVA/Tukey or Kruskall-Wallis/Dunn (p<0.05). Means of sound enamel hardness (KHN), KHN (demineralized surface) and lesion depth (m) for the groups submitted to acid gel were: unerupted (333.2/13,567/81.67), 1-6 m (355.9/13,332/78.33) and 2-3y (382.9/14,019/73.33). It was concluded that teeth with different post-eruptive ages differ regarding to the cross-sectional hardness of sound enamel, which in turn may not reflect a higher susceptibility to demineralization when an acidified gel is used to provoke artificial carious lesion.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2011-06-02
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.