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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2011.tde-09122011-094237
Document
Author
Full name
Bruna Barros Bighetti
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Assis, Gerson Francisco de (President)
Cestari, Tânia Mary
Hassunuma, Renato Massaharu
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do reparo de defeito ósseo em calvária de ratos diabéticos tratados com Matriz Óssea Desmineralizada
Keywords in Portuguese
Crânio
Diabetes Mellitus experimental
Matriz óssea
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as atividades osteoindutoras e osteocondutoras da matriz alogênica óssea desmineralizada (MAOD) frente à diabetes no reparo de defeito de tamanho crítico em calvárias de ratos diabéticos. Para isso, 100 ratos machos Wistar foram divididos em 2 grupos: no grupo diabético (DIAB, n=50) foi injetado 47 mg/Kg de massa corporal de estreptozotocina, enquanto que no grupo controle (CTL, n=50) foi injetado solução fisiológica a 0,9%. A MAOD foi obtida de 50 ratos, cujo fêmur e tíbia foram retirados, desmineralizados com HCl a 0,6M por 24 horas, particulados em 1-2mm³, neutralizados com soro fisiológico e armazenados em álcool. Após a anestesia, foram realizados defeitos ósseos de 8 mm nas calvárias dos animais, sendo os grupos CTL COAG (n=25) e DIAB COAG (n=25) preenchidos com coágulo e os grupos CTL MAOD (n=25) e DIAB MAOD (n=25) preenchidos com MAOD. Após os períodos de 0, 7, 14, 21 e 42 dias, as calvárias foram coletadas. A análise radiográfica mostrou que houve formação de ilhas radiodensas no interior dos defeitos nos grupos CTL e DIAB tratados com MAOD, enquanto que nos grupos tratados com coágulo houve formação de áreas mais radiodensas somente nas bordas do defeito, corroborando com os resultados morfológicos, que mostraram nos grupos tratados com coágulo que o reparo ósseo teve início nas bordas do defeito, enquanto que nos grupos tratados com MAOD, a neoformação óssea ocorreu também nas áreas de reabsorção nas partículas de MAOD. De acordo com os resultados morfométricos, o volume de tecido ósseo aumentou gradativamente em todos os grupos, porém, esse aumento foi maior nos grupos CTL em relação aos seus respectivos tratamentos nos grupos DIAB (CTL COAG > DIAB COAG e CTL MAOD > DIAB MAOD) e maior quando comparados os grupos tratados com MAOD versus os respectivos grupos tratados com COAG (CTL MAOD > CTL COAG e DIAB MAOD > DIAB COAG). Assim, ao término de 42 dias, o volume de tecido ósseo no grupo CTL MAOD foi em média 3,24 vezes maior em relação aos demais grupos, os grupos CTL COAG e DIAB MAOD não apresentaram diferenças significativas e o grupo DIAB MAOD foi 1,81 vezes maior em relação ao DIAB COAG. Com esses resultados, conclui-se que embora o quadro de diabetes tenha influenciado no atraso do reparo, ainda assim, pode-se afirmar que a MAOD contribuiu com a neoformação óssea e com o reparo do defeito na calvária de animais saudáveis e diabéticos, por terem sido preservadas as suas características osteoindutoras e osteocondutoras.
Title in English
Evaluation of repair of bone defects in skulls of diabetic rats treated with Demineralized Bone Matrix
Keywords in English
Bone matrix
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus
Skull
Abstract in English
The aim of this work was to evaluate the osteoinductive and osteoconductive activities of demineralized allogeneic bone matrix (DABM) against diabetes in repairing critical size defects in diabetic rats skulls. Therefore, 100 male Wistar rats were shered into two groups: in the diabetic group (DIAB, n=50) was 47 mg/Kg of body weight streptozotocin, while in the control group (CTL, n=50) was injected saline 0.9%. The DABM was obteined using 50 rats which were removed their femur and tibia bones, demineralized in 0.6 N HCl during 24 hours, cut into 1-2mm³ pieces, neutralized in saline and stored in alcohol. After anesthesia, were made 8 mm bone defects on skulls of rats, being the CTL CLOT group (n=25) and DIAB CLOT group (n=25) filled with blood clot and the CTL DABM group (n=25) and DIAB DABM group (n=25) filled with DABM. After 0, 7, 14, 21 and 42 days, the skulls were collected. The radiographic analysis showed radiodense islets inside the defects filled with DABM in CTL and DIAB groups, while groups filled with blood clot showed radiodense areas near the defect border, which is in agreement to the morphologic results, that had showed the begining of bone healing was near the defects border in groups filled with blood clot, while groups filled with DABM showed new bone formation also in resorption DABM areas. According to morphometric results, the volume of bone tissue had increased in all groups, however, this increase was more accentuated in CTL groups when compared to DIAB groups with respected treatments (CTL CLOT > DIAB CLOT and CTL DABM > DIAB DABM) and bigger when groups treated with DABM are compared to respestive groups treated with CLOT (CTL DABM > CTL CLOT e DIAB DABM > DIAB CLOT). Thereby, at the end of 42 days, the CTL DABM bone tissue volume was 3.24 greater than the other groups, the CTL CLOT and DIAB DABM groups didnt show any significant differenceand the DIAB DABM was 1,81 greater than DIAB CLOT. From these results, the conclusion is that although diabetes had delayed the repair, nevertheless, DABM contributed to bone neoformation and to the defect repair in skulls of healthy and diabetic animals, due to the osteoinductive and osteoconductive qualities had been preserved.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-12-09
 
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