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Thèse de Doctorat
DOI
Document
Auteur
Nom complet
Luis Marcio Arnaut de Toledo
Adresse Mail
Unité de l'USP
Domain de Connaissance
Date de Soutenance
Editeur
São Paulo, 2019
Directeur
Jury
Betti, Maria Silvia (Président)
Faria, Joao Roberto Gomes de
Flores, Fulvio Torres
Ilari, Mayumi Denise Senoi
Simões, Cibele Forjaz
Titre en portugais
O Tennessee Williams Desconhecido e Experimental de Seis Peças em Um Ato das Décadas de 1960 a 1980: Abordagem, Análise e Contexto das Personagens Femininas
Mots-clés en portugais
Contracultura
Dramaturgia
Late Plays
Teatro Norte-americano
Tennessee Williams
Resumé en portugais
Esta tese analisa seis peças de Tennessee Williams escritas entre as décadas de 1960 a 1980 [The Mutilated, I Can´t Imagine Tomorrow, A Cavalier for Milady, Kirche, Küche, Kinder (An Outrage for the Stage), Now the Cats with Jewled Claws e The One Exception)] a fim de serem investigadas as personagens femininas, sua abordagem e conjuntura a partir de um aprofundamento social, histórico e político que se afasta da leitura hegemônica das obras canônicas do autor, de realismo psicológico, biografismo e glamourizadas pelas versões fílmicas hollywoodianas. São identificadas as considerações estéticas que levam em conta as experimentações e inovações a partir dos contextos da contracultura, negligenciando, portanto, a ideia de que o autor é realista por excelência. As obras mostram uma abordagem de uma mulher que, apesar da conjuntura contracultural, não consegue se livrar do papel social prescrito. Ela é retratada em contraposição a este papel de forma crítica e paródica. Como elemento complementar de análise dramatúrgica, as características destas peças que se alinham com os expedientes mais importantes daquele momento histórico são sublinhadas, levando em conta que Williams trata estas formas a partir de sua própria estilística lírica e lacônica. Os elementos são: o épico, o teatro da crueldade, o chamado teatro do absurdo, contextualizado na conjuntura estadunidense como existencialismo metafísico, o camp e o grotesco.
Titre en anglais
The Tennessee Williams´ Unknown, and Experimental Six One-act Late Plays from 1960 to 1980 decades: Approach, Analysis and Context of Female Characters.
Mots-clés en anglais
American Theater
Counterculture
Drama
Late Plays
Tennessee Williams
Resumé en anglais
This thesis aims at analyzing the female characters in six of Tennessee Williams' late plays written between 1960 and 1980: [The Mutilated, I Can't Imagine Tomorrow, A Cavalier for Milady, Kirche, Küche, Kinder (An Outrage for the Stage), Now the Cats with Jeweled Claws and The One Exception]. The analyzes focus on the historical and political aspects in these plays and avoid the reiteration of hegemonic readings of the author's canonical play, which tend to stress aspects such as the one of the so called psychological realism of his works, the parallels between themes and characters in Tennessee Williams´ plays and in his biography, and the glamour of the Hollywood versions of his plays. The analyses of Tennessee Williams's experimentalism in the aforementioned plays discuss the innovations that stem from the context of counterculture, rather than the idea that he is na essentially realistic author. The six plays studied in this thesis show that, in spite of living in a countercultural context, women were still unable to free themselves from the socially imposed roles. The parodic representation of female characters in these plays is a critical response to this. As a complementary element of dramaturgical analysis, these analyzes will also deal with the characteristics these plays eventually share with the most important sources of theatrical experimentalism, taking in consideration the author's stylistic lyricism. These elements are the ones of the epic theatre, of the theatre of cruelty and of the so called theatre of the absurd. In the United States, they are re-contextualized as metaphysical existentialism, the camp and the grotesque.
 
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Date de Publication
2019-10-02
 
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