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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.27.2015.tde-26052015-120059
Document
Author
Full name
Rita de Cassia Taddei
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Souza, Rodolfo Nogueira Coelho de (President)
Machado Neto, Diosnio
Picchi, Achille Guido
Volpe, Maria Alice
Zani Netto, Amilcar
Title in Portuguese
Alberto Nepomuceno, Artémis: um estudo de análise neorriemanniana
Keywords in Portuguese
Alberto Nepomuceno
Análise Neorriemanniana
Harmonia Cromática
Música Brasileira do Século XIX
Sistema de Transformações Cromáticas da Harmonia
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho analisa a estruturação harmônica do episódio lírico Artémis, de Alberto Nepomuceno, buscando demonstrar que a técnica usada pelo compositor emprega sistematicamente os princípios da linguagem do cromatismo pós-wagneriano. Observa-se, inicialmente, que o projeto dessa obra encontra-se na vanguarda das estéticas de seu tempo, alinhando-se com as correntes progressistas do período. Nesse sentido verifica-se que, apesar de Nepomuceno ter sido identificado pela historiografia modernista como precursor do nacionalismo musical brasileiro, nesta obra prevalece sua inclinação cosmopolita. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa examinou-se inicialmente qual ferramenta de análise harmônica, dedicada ao repertório do cromatismo romântico do final do século XIX, seria mais adequada ao Artémis. Apresenta-se, por isso, uma introdução às teorias analíticas aplicáveis ao repertório com tonalidade expandida do século XIX, focando nos trabalhos de Hugo Riemann, Arnold Schoenberg e David Kopp. As teorias harmônicas de Riemann, sendo a matriz primordial dessas teorias, são extensamente investigadas. Comparamos, a seguir, as propostas dos três teóricos no que se refere a ferramentas de análise para peças com estrutura cromática. Discorrendo sobre aspectos positivos e negativos de cada teoria investigada, apontamos a recente teoria neorriemanniana de Kopp como a que melhor sistematizou, para nossos propósitos, os avanços acadêmicos no entendimento dos problemas harmônicos do repertório cromático do século XIX. Defendendo a importância de se atrelar, adequadamente, teoria, análise e repertório, confrontamos teoria e prática analítica, aplicando ao Artémis a sistemática das transformações cromáticas de Kopp. Conseguimos assim demonstrar, na prática do processo analítico, através de uma ferramenta de análise perfeitamente ajustada ao repertório proposto, resultados que atestam a coerência estrutural do texto musical abordado aos princípios transformacionais da harmonia cromática pós-wagneriana.
Title in English
-
Keywords in English
Alberto Nepomuceno
Chromatic Harmony
Harmonic System of Chromatic Transformations
Neoriemannian Analysis
XIX Century Brazilian Music
Abstract in English
This dissertation analyses the harmonic structure of the "lyric episode" Artémis, composed by Alberto Nepomuceno, aiming to demonstrate that the technique used by the composer employs, systematically, the principles of the post-Wagnerian chromatic language. We observe, initially, that the project of this piece fits the avant-garde aesthetics of its time, aligning itself to the progressive trends of the period. In this sense we verify - although Nepomuceno has been identified by the modernistic Brazilian historiography as a forerunner of the Brazilian musical nationalism - that his cosmopolitan inclinations prevailed in this composition. At first, for the adequate development of the research, we examined which tool of harmonic analysis, dedicated to the chromatic repertoire of the final of the XIX Century, would be more adequate to the music of Artémis. We present, therefore, an introduction to the analytical theories that might be useful to the repertoire of expanded tonality of the XIX Century, focusing in the texts of Hugo Riemann, Arnold Schoenberg and David Kopp. The harmonic theories of Riemann, as the matrix for all these theories, are extensively investigated. We compare, in the sequence, the proposals of three theoreticians that developed analytical tools for pieces with chromatic structures. Revealing the positive and negative aspects of each of these theories, we pointed out the recent neoriemannian theory by Kopp as the one that better systematizes, for our purposes, the academic advances in the understanding of the harmonic problems of the chromatic repertoire composed at the end of the XIX Century. Because we defend the importance of considering simultaneously theory, analysis and repertoire, we confront theory and practice, applying to Artémis, Kopp's chromatic transformations systematic theory. This way we were able to demonstrate, in the practice of the analytical process, through an analytic tool perfectly fit to proposed repertoire, results that attest the structural coherence of the studied musical text with the transformational principles of post-Wagnerian chromatic harmony.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-05-26
 
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