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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.27.2012.tde-14112012-223853
Document
Author
Full name
Thiago Gil de Oliveira Virava
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Chiarelli, Domingos Tadeu (President)
Fabris, Annateresa
Magalhães, Ana Gonçalves
Title in Portuguese
Uma brecha para o surrealismo : percepções do movimento surrealista no Brasil entre as décadas de 1920 e 1940
Keywords in Portuguese
Arte Brasileira
História da Arte
Modernismo
Surrealismo
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar os diversos modos pelos quais o movimento surrealista foi percebido por artistas e escritores modernistas, entre as décadas de 1920 e 1940. Parte-se inicialmente da apresentação e discussão de documentos e bibliografia a respeito do discurso surrealista sobre arte e sua importância no contexto do movimento. Em seguida, com base em uma seleção de obras de artistas nacionais (Tarsila do Amaral, Cícero Dias, Ismael Nery, Jorge de Lima e Flávio de Carvalho), assim como de um conjunto de documentos (artigos, cartas, manifestos) produzidos no Brasil no período abordado, são analisadas as aproximações e distanciamentos entre os movimentos brasileiro e francês. Procurando evitar tanto um cotejamento mecânico, quanto a rotulação das obras analisadas como "surrealistas", empreende-se essa análise sem deixar de se discutir a inserção de cada artista no contexto dos debates artísticos e intelectuais nacionais do período. A partir dessa perspectiva metodológica, é possível observar como o eventual interesse de cada um pelo surrealismo surge mediado por outros, ligados àqueles debates. Desse modo, busca-se salientar a singularidade desse interesse e da forma objetiva que assumiu na produção de cada artista.
Title in English
A breach for the surrealism : perceptions of the surrealist movement in Brazil between the 1920s and 1940s
Keywords in English
Art History
Brazilian Art
Modernism
Surrealism
Abstract in English
This work intends to survey the different ways by which the surrealist movement was perceived by Brazilian modernist artists and writers, between the 1920s and 1940s. It starts with a presentation and discussion of documents and bibliography about the surrealist discourse on art and its relevance in the context of the movement. Afterwards, based on a selection of works by five Brazilian artists (Tarsila do Amaral, Cícero Dias, Ismael Nery, Jorge de Lima and Flávio de Carvalho) together with a set of documents (articles, letters, manifestoes) produced in Brazil during the period studied, it analyses the approaches and detachments between the Brazilian and French movements. In order to avoid either a simplistic confrontation or labeling the works discussed "surrealists", the analysis is made without putting aside a discussion about the insertion of each artist in the context of artistic and intellectual local debates in the period. From this methodological perspective, it is possible to observe how the potential interest in the surrealism expressed by each artist appears mediated by other interests, affined to those debates. Thereby it underlines the singularity of that interest and the objective form it has assumed in the production of each artist
 
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Publishing Date
2013-02-15
 
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