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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.27.2013.tde-20022014-120150
Document
Author
Full name
Fabiana Ferreira Lopes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Gervaiseau, Henri Pierre Arraes de Alencar (President)
Hikiji, Rose Satiko Gitirana
Morettin, Eduardo Victorio
Title in Portuguese
Serras da desordem, Corumbiara e a memória
Keywords in Portuguese
cinema brasileiro
documentário
índios isolados
memória
questão indígena
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação analisa os filmes Serras da desordem (2006) de Andrea Tonacci e Corumbiara (2009) de Vincent Carelli a partir da perspectiva da construção de uma memória dos vencidos. Esses filmes tratam de casos de massacres cometidos contra indígenas brasileiros em situação de isolamento, que, a pesar de terem sido amplamente divulgados na imprensa, nunca foram apurados e os culpados jamais foram condenados judicialmente. O objetivo desta pesquisa é o de compreender as estratégias utilizadas por cada um dos realizadores na reconstituição do passado e no estabelecimento no presente da memória dos grupos retratados nesses filmes. O conceito de memória usado nesta dissertação tem base nos estudos de Maurice Halbwachs. Sua aplicação nesta pesquisa demonstrou que a reconstituição do passado traz à tona a memória daqueles que historicamente vem sendo silenciados pela cultura hegemônica e letrada. Apesar da aproximação desses filmes do ponto de vista temático, a reconstituição do passado se dá de maneira distinta em cada um deles. Em Serras da desordem, Andrea Tonacci utiliza principalmente o procedimento da reencenação no presente dos episódios relacionados ao massacre por aqueles que vivenciaram essa história. Enquanto que em Corumbiara, Vincent Carelli utiliza o testemunho daqueles que sobreviveram aos massacres e dos que vivenciaram as consequências dos atentados como o principal recurso de rememoração.
Keywords in English
Brazilian cinema
Brazilian Indians
documentary
isolated Indians
memory
Abstract in English
The present thesis analyzes the films The Hills of Disorder (2006) by Andrea Tonacci and Corumbiara -­- they shoot Indians, don't they? (2009) by Vincent Carelli, and its based on memories of those who were vanquished. Both films deal with cases of massacres that were perpetrated against Brazilian Indians living in an isolated situation; cases that, although widely publicized by the press, were never investigated, and their perpetrators were never convicted in Court legally sentenced. The aim of this study is to understand the strategies that are used by each of these two filmmakers in order to reconstruct the past and to establish, in the present, the memory of the groups who are portrayed in their films. The concept of memory used in this paper is based on Maurice Halbwachs's studies. Its application to the present study has shown that a reconstruction of the past elicits the memory of those who have been historically silenced by hegemonic, literate culture. Even though these films are related as regards their theme, the reconstruction of the past takes place distinctly in each of them. In The Hills of Disorder, Andrea Tonacci mainly uses the procedure of a present-­-time reenactment of the events concerning the massacre, by those who have experienced the story. In Corumbiara, by contrast, Vincent Carelli uses the testimonies of those who have survived the massacres and those who have experienced the consequences of the attacks as his main resource for remembrance.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-03-10
 
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