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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2016.tde-23082016-081748
Document
Author
Full name
Maurizio André Bizzo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Hui, Wang Shu (President)
Wiebeck, Hélio
Yee, Márcio
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de elementos filtrantes porosos de polietileno contendo nanopartículas de prata.
Keywords in Portuguese
Elementos filtrantes
Filtros biológicos
Nanocompósitos
Nanopartículas
PEUAMM
Polietileno
Prata
Abstract in Portuguese
A produção de elementos filtrantes para água a partir de polímeros é bastante difundida no mercado, mas possui uma característica indesejada: nem sempre são eficientes e capazes de reter ou eliminar microorganismos presentes. O presente trabalho propõe-se a produzir filtros com propriedade biocida compostos por nanocompósitos de polietileno de ultra alta massa molar (PEUAMM), modificados com surfactante não iônico e nanopartículas de prata, sendo os polímeros responsáveis pela estrutura porosa uniforme dos filtros e as nanopartículas de prata incorporadas nos elementos filtrantes pela ação biocida. Os polímeros particulados foram classificados por peneiramento e apresentaram duas curvas granulométricas distintas de 150 a 200?m e de 300 a 400?m, sendo posteriormente utilizados para a sinterização dos elementos filtrantes. As nanopartículas de prata foram incorporadas aos elementos filtrantes, obtendo-se corpos de prova que foram caracterizados através do uso das técnicas de difratometria de raios-X, microscopia eletrônica de varredura, microanálise por espectroscopia de raios-X por dispersão de energia. Foram também realizadas avaliações dos elementos filtrantes através de ensaios de ação biocida, vazão e taxa de filtração e presença de extraíveis. Os resultados obtidos indicaram a formação do nanocompósito e diferentes propriedades foram observadas para os elementos filtrantes em função da porosidade alcançada.
Title in English
Study of porous filter elements of polyethylene and silver nanoparticles.
Keywords in English
Filters
Nanocomposite
Polyethylene
Silver
Abstract in English
The production of polymer based filter elements for water is widespread in the market but has an undesirable characteristic: they are not always efficient and capable of retaining or eliminating microorganisms. This paper proposes the production of filters with biocidal activity, composed by nanocomposites of ultra high molar mass polyethylene (UHMMPE), modified by non-ionic surfactant and silver nanoparticles. The polymers are responsible for the uniform porous structure of the filters and the silver nanoparticles for its biocidal action. The particulate polymers were classified by sieving and presented two distinct grain size ranges, one of 150 to 200?m and the other of 300 to 400?m. Samples were collected from the prepared filter elements and characterized by X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy and microanalysis. Evaluation of the filter elements were also carried out and their biocidal activity was tested, as well as the flow and filtration rates and the presence of extractables were determined. The results indicate the formation of the nanocomposite and different properties were observed for the filter elements according to its porosity.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-08-23
 
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