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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2011.tde-24052011-151943
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Paola Villalva Braga
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Landgraf, Fernando José Gomes (President)
Bose Filho, Waldek Wladimir
Plaut, Ronald Lesley
Title in Portuguese
Análise de ligas de alumínio aeronáuticas conformadas por jateamento com granalhas - caracterização e previsão de deformação.
Keywords in Portuguese
Alumínio
Jateamento
Ligas aeronáuticas
Abstract in Portuguese
O processo de conformação por jateamento com granalhas (peen forming) trata da conformação de chapas ou painéis através da ação de um jato de esferas de aço que, atingindo uma de suas superfícies, torna-a convexa na face de recepção do jato e gera tensões residuais superficiais de compressão. Tornar o processo de jateamento com granalhas reprodutível e controlável é um grande objetivo a ser alcançado para que o mesmo possa ser aplicado de forma segura na indústria aeronáutica. Buscando-se estudar a viabilidade e o desenvolvimento de conhecimento da técnica de jateamento de esferas, definiu-se uma metodologia para o projeto de experimentos focalizados nos dois tópicos principais: variáveis de processo e características do material jateado. As variáveis de processo observadas foram diâmetro de granalha, velocidade de impacto, porcentagem de cobertura e pré-tensão. No material jateado, variaram-se a liga de alumínio (7050-T7451 e 7475-T7351) e espessura. As chapas de alumínio foram caracterizadas em: raio de curvatura, microestrutura, dureza, profundidade e morfologia da camada deformada e perfis de tensões residuais. Avaliou-se o efeito do processo nas características do material. Analisando-se os dados, foi possível obter equações semi-empíricas de relação entre processo e raio de curvatura através de um novo parâmetro chamado densidade de energia cinética, que engloba os parâmetros diâmetro de granalha, velocidade de impacto e espessura da chapa. Encontrou-se ainda forte relação entre energia cinética e espessura da camada deformada e profundidade da máxima tensão residual. Os dados experimentais foram utilizados para o treinamento de uma rede neural artificial, que gerou boa previsibilidade do raio de curvatura.
Title in English
Analysis of peen formed aircraft aluminum alloys - characterization and prediction of deformation.
Keywords in English
Aircraft alloys
Aluminum
Peen forming
Abstract in English
The peen forming process is the forming of metal sheet or panels through the action of a jet of hard spheres, hitting one of the surfaces, making it convex and causing residual compressive stresses on surface. Making the peen forming process reproducible and controllable is a major goal to its safe application in the aircraft industry. Aiming the study of the feasibility of peen forming and the development of its technical knowledge, a methodology for the design of experiments was created focusing on two main topics: process variables and the properties of the formed material. The process variables observed were shot diameter, impact velocity, percentage of coverage and pre-tension. With respect to the formed material, two aluminum alloys (7050-T7451 and 7475-T7351) and four different thicknesses were used. The aluminum plates were characterized by: radius of curvature, microstructure, hardness, depth and morphology of the deformed layer and profiles of residual stresses. The effect of the process on material was evaluated. Analyzing the data, semi-empirical equations were obtained for the relationship between process and radius of curvature through a new parameter called the density of kinetic energy, which includes the parameters shot diameter, impact velocity and plate thickness. It was also found a strong relationship between kinetic energy and thickness of the deformed layer and depth of maximum residual stress. Experimental data were used to train an artificial neural network, which generated a good predictability of the radius of curvature.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-12-06
 
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