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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Lívi Antoniassi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Kahn, Henrique (President)
Andrade, Fábio Ramos Dias de
Sant'Agostino, Lília Mascarenhas
Title in Portuguese
A difração de raios X com o método de Rietveld aplicada a bauxitas de Porto Trombetas, PA.  
Keywords in Portuguese
Bauxita
Difração de raios X
Método de Rietveld
Abstract in Portuguese
O projeto enfocou a aplicação da difração de raios X (DRX) associada ao método de Rietveld na determinação quantitativa da composição mineralógica de bauxitas de Porto Trombetas, PA. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com aqueles de outras ferramentas de determinação mineralógica, especificamente métodos tradicionais de caracterização de minérios e espectroscopia Mössbauer, além da correlação direta com dados de análises químicas que, atualmente, são utilizados no controle de pesquisa e processamento de bauxita. Preliminarmente, definiram-se tipos mineralógicos de minério com o recurso de análise por agrupamento de dados de difração de raios X para um conjunto de 60 amostras, englobando materiais da pesquisa mineral e do beneficiamento de bauxita pela Mineração Rio do Norte (MRN). Esse recurso permitiu otimizar o conjunto de amostras para o estudo e facilitar a definição de seqüências específicas de refinamento pelo método de Rietveld para grupos de amostras com composição mineralógica similar. A DRX-Rietveld mostrou-se relevante e eficiente no estudo de bauxitas, sendo obtidos satisfatórios valores de indicadores estatísticos de refinamento (GOF e Rwp), além de elevada correlação linear com as demais metodologias aplicadas, particularmente no que se refere aos maiores constituintes das amostras, essencialmente gibbsita e argilominerais. No caso de óxi-hidróxidos de ferro (basicamente hematita, goethita e uma fase de Fe3+ de baixa cristalinidade), com proporções inferiores a 20% nas amostras, verificou-se que parte desses minerais praticamente não foi detectada por DRXRietveld visto o grau de cristalinidade dessas fases, conforme observado por microscopia eletrônica de varredura e espectroscopia Mössbauer.
Title in English
X-ray diffraction with Rietveld method applied to bauxites of Porto Trombetas, PA.
Keywords in English
Bauxite
Rietveld method
X-ray diffraction
Abstract in English
This research concerns the application of X-ray diffraction (XRD) with Rietveld method in order to determinate the mineralogical composition of bauxites from Porto Trombetas, PA. The results were compared with the mineralogical composition obtained by mineral separations supported by chemical analysis and Mössbauer spectroscopy, as well as correlated with XRF chemical analysis and selective dissolution chemical analysis, that routinely support bauxite mineral research, mining operation as well as mineral processing. Previously, a definition of mineralogical types was provided by cluster analysis of a 60 samples set of diffractograms, corresponding to geological research and beneficiation products from Mineração Rio do Norte (MRN). This tool simplified the analysis of a large number of data for the study and helped to establish the Rietveld refinement strategies for clusters of samples with similar mineralogical compositions. XRD with Rietveld method showed to be relevant and efficient for bauxite study, giving satisfactory statistical evaluation parameters (GOF and Rwp), besides high linear correlation with the others mineralogical methods for the major minerals, essentially gibbsite and clay minerals. For oxi-hydroxides minerals (basically hematite, goethite and a low crystallinity Fe3+ phase), with proportions bellow 20 percent of the samples, it could be seen that part of these minerals was not detected by XRD and so not evaluated by Rietveld quantification method, since they present low crystallinity as observed by scanning electron microscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-11-25
 
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