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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2014.tde-23102015-153652
Document
Author
Full name
Cezar Augusto Bellezi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Nishimoto, Kazuo (President)
Masetti, Isaias Quaresma
Yee, Cheng Liang
Title in Portuguese
Análise numérica de fenômenos de impacto hidrodinâmico em plataformas offshore.
Keywords in Portuguese
Estruturas offshore (Simulação numérica)
Hidrodinâmica
Método de partículas
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho é focado no estudo dos violentos fenômenos de impacto hidrodinâmico que podem prejudicar a operação de plataformas offshore. São três os fenômenos abordados neste trabalho: o green water, o wave runup e o sloshing. O fenômeno de wave runup consiste na projeção vertical de uma coluna de água devido ao impacto de ondas em estruturas transversais. O fenômeno de green water consiste no embarque de água no convés, podendo danificar os equipamentos da planta de produção. Por fim, o sloshing consiste no movimento violento de fluído em tanques parcialmente preenchidos, resultando em perigosos carregamentos em suas paredes. Tais fenômenos possuem natureza altamente não linear e sua análise, considerando-se toda a sua complexidade, ainda constitui um desafio para a engenharia naval e oceânica. Os métodos de partículas têm se destacado no tratamento de tais fenômenos envolvendo interação fluído-estruturas, grandes deformações e fragmentação de superfície livre. Desta maneira, optou-se pelo emprego do método de partículas Moving Particles Semi-Implicit (MPS) neste trabalho para o estudo dos fenômenos de impacto hidrodinâmico. O MPS é um método totalmente lagrangeano para escoamentos incompressíveis. Para os três fenômenos abordados neste trabalho há uma primeira etapa de validação, na qual os resultados numéricos são comparados a resultados experimentais da literatura. Uma segunda etapa é baseada na aplicação do método numérico na análise de ferramentas para a mitigação dos esforços resultantes do impacto hidrodinâmico. Nesta etapa é investigada a influência do formato da proa no fenômeno de green water e a utilização de anteparas fixas e flutuantes para a mitigação de sloshing em tanques.
Title in English
Numerical analysis of hydrodynamic impact phenomena on offshore platforms.
Keywords in English
Hydrodynamics
Offshore structures ( Numerical simulation )
Particle method
Abstract in English
The present work is focused in the study of the violent hydrodynamic impact phenomenon which could jeopardize the offshore platforms operation. In this work three different phenomena involving hydrodynamic impact are studied: green water, wave runup and sloshing. The wave runup consists in the vertical projection of a water column due to wave impact on a transversal structure, such as submersible columns. The green water consists in the water boarding on the deck which could damage the equipment over the oil platform deck. Finally, the sloshing phenomenon is the violent movement of fluid in partially filled tanks, resulting in dangerous impact loads at its walls. The hydrodynamic impact phenomenon has strongly non linear nature and is still a challenge for the naval and offshore engineering its analysis considering all its complexity. The particle methods present advantages in the analysis of phenomena involving fluid structure interaction, large free surface deformation, fragmentation and merging. Therefore, in the present study the Moving Particles Semi-Implicit (MPS) method is used. The MPS is a fully lagrangian method for the simulation of incompressible flows. For the three phenomena studied in the present work a first step of validation is performed. In the validation step the numerical results obtained by the particle method are compared to experimental data presented in the literature. The second step consists in the application of the numerical method to investigate simple mechanisms to mitigate the hydrodynamic impact loads. For example, the effect of the bow shape in the green water phenomenon is studied. Also in this step the use of fixed and floating baffles in order to suppress the sloshing phenomenon are investigated.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-11-06
 
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