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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2011.tde-28022011-123955
Document
Author
Full name
Alfonso Pires Gallardo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Pinto, Marcos Mendes de Oliveira (President)
Fujarra, André Luís Condino
Reis, Manoel de Andrade e Silva
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da viabilidade financeira de um novo porto de contêineres, à luz das diretrizes do Decreto 6.620.
Keywords in Portuguese
Portos
Terminais marítimos
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho avalia a viabilidade financeira da concessão de um novo Porto Organizado hipotético, focado exclusivamente nas operações de contêineres, respeitando os condicionantes impostos pela nova legislação portuária brasileira. Parte-se da compreensão dos fundamentos da regulação, contextualiza-se a institucionalização do novo modelo de concessão de portos no Brasil e detalham-se as etapas a serem percorridas e as entidades envolvidas em cada processo. A concepção do novo porto garante representatividade da realidade brasileira para operações de contêineres. Os racionais de dimensionamento foram definidos de acordo com as características dos principais terminais do país, considerando ajustes necessários, em consequência do aumento de comprimento das embarcações que deverão passar a frequentar os portos nacionais. A ferramenta financeira foi estruturada e parametrizada em consonância com a norma para arrendamentos de instalações portuárias, e avalia o valor presente líquido dos fluxos de caixa livres. O trabalho conclui que a concessão de um novo porto de contêineres com escala compatível com os volumes brasileiros é inviável financeiramente, quando se considera 100% dos investimentos em infra e superestrutura. O projeto torna-se viável nos casos em que o poder público realiza parte significativa dos investimentos ou em regiões onde os volumes sejam suficientes para permitir um terminal de seis berços.
Title in English
Evaluation of the financial feasibility of a new container port, in light of the guidelines in Decrete 6,620.
Keywords in English
Maritime terminals
Ports
Abstract in English
This study evaluates the financial feasibility of the concession of a conceptual public port dedicated exclusively to the handling of containers, developed under the recently published Brazilian port industry legislation. The study begins with a comprehensive understanding of the basic principles of the current legislation, followed by a contextualization of the creation of the concession model for public port development by private enterprise. The steps and institutions involved in the concession process are then detailed. The features of the port designed in this study are similar to those of most container terminals in Brazil. The dimensioning rationales were defined in accordance to the characteristics of the main Brazilian container terminals, taking also into account the necessary adaptations associated with the increasing length of the ships that will be servicing the national ports in the next years. A financial model, which evaluates the net present value of the free cash flows, was built and parameterized in compliance with the norm regulating the leasing of public port facilities. The study concludes that the development of a new public port under concession, considering a demand level similar to that of most Brazilian container terminals and 100% of investments in infrastructure and superstructure carried out by the concessionaire, is not financially feasible. The venture becomes financially feasible if the government undertakes a significant portion of the capital expenditures or if the port is set in a region where the demand justifies the construction of 6 berths.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-04-14
 
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