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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2016.tde-30012016-074321
Document
Author
Full name
Edgard Borges Malta
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Fujarra, André Luís Condino (President)
Gioria, Rafael dos Santos
Morooka, Celso Kazuyuki
Nishimoto, Kazuo
Santos, Érico Almeida
Title in Portuguese
Investigação experimental das vibrações induzidas pela emissão de vórtices em catenárias sujeitas a perfis de correnteza variável, ortogonais ao plano de lançamento.
Keywords in Portuguese
Correnteza variável
Decomposição modal
Experimentos em tanque de provas
Modelos flexíveis na vertical e em catenária
VIV
Abstract in Portuguese
A investigacao experimental do fenomeno de vibracoes induzidas pela emissao de vortices (VIV) em modelos flexiveis longos lancados em catenaria e sujeitos a pers de correnteza variavel e ortogonais ao plano de lancamento e o tema principal desta tese de doutorado. O objetivo, neste trabalho, e identicar, descrever e discutir os comportamentos dinamicos do VIV nas catenarias sob correnteza variavel, comparando-os com aqueles exibidos por este fenomeno agindo em um cilindro flexivel vertical. Desta forma, tenciona-se contribuir para a compreensao mais geral do VIV nas linhas oceanicas utilizadas na exploracao de petroleo e gas no mar. Neste contexto, muito se sabe sobre o comportamento do VIV em cilindros rgidos montados em suportes elasticos, bem como em cilindros flexiveis nao curvados, ambos os arranjos com uma vasta literatura descrevendo nao so os comportamentos dinamicos, como tambem suas relacoes com os aspectos fluidos que lhe dao origem. Contudo, no caso dos cilindros flexiveis longos, ainda existem pontos que precisam de compreensao mais profunda, particularmente aqueles que representam condicoes mais proximas da operacao oceanica real - o lancamento em catenaria e a acao de um perfil variavel e ortogonal de correnteza. Para tanto, um dispositivo denominado braco giratorio foi projetado e construido para que experimentos com modelos de catenaria em correnteza variavel com a profundidade fossem conduzidos no tanque de provas fisico do laboratorio Tanque de Provas Numerico (TPN), caracterizando uma pesquisa inedita no tema. Como condicoes de ensaio foram consideradas diferentes configuracoes geometricas da catenaria, todas comparadas com um cilindro flexivel vertical ensaiado tanto no braco giratorio, como tambem em tanque de reboque. Tratados segundo uma tecnica de decomposicao modal, os resultados de deslocamento ao longo dos modelos nessas condicoes de ensaio permitiram a identicacao e a descricao de comportamentos dinamicos bastante parecidos nas catenarias, sempre comparados aqueles do modelo vertical, o que trouxe grande abrangencia a compreensao do VIV nas linhas flexiveis em geral. Como contribuicao adicional, este trabalho dotou o tanque de provas do TPN de um equipamento bastante interessante para ampla gama de investigacoes sobre as interacoes fluido-estruturais - o braco giratorio.
Title in English
Experimental investigation of vortex-induced vibrations on catenary lines under sheared and out-of-plane plane current propiles.
Keywords in English
Modal decomposition
Non uniform current profile
Small-scale experiments
Vertical and catenary flexible models
VIV
Abstract in English
The experimental investigation of Vortex-Induced Vibrations (VIV) on long catenary models and subjected to non-uniform velocity profiles, orthogonal to the catenarys plane, it is the main subject of this doctoral thesis. As a main goal, this work search to identify, describe and discuss the dynamic behaviors of VIV on catenary lines under non-uniform velocity profiles, comparing the results with those coming from the same phenomenon acting on flexible cylinders in a vertical configuration. Thus, it is intended to help for a more general understanding of VIV in offshore lines used in the oil and gas exploration at sea. In this context, much is known about the behavior of VIV on rigid cylinders elastically supported, as well as on flexible cylinders with no curvature, both configurations counting with a large literature describing not only the dynamic behaviors, but also their relationships with hydrodynamics aspects. However, in the case of long flexible cylinders, there are still more points to be understand, particularly at those conditions closer to the offshore operations - with catenary lines under variable current profile. Under those considerations, a rotating-arm was designed and assembled in the model basin at Numerical Offshore Tank (TPN), Brazil, for model tests under non-uniform current profile, featuring itself as an unpublished research on this topic. Different catenary geometries were tested in the rotating-arm at USP and also in the towing tank at Institute for Technological Research of the State of Sao Paulo (IPT), Brazil, all of them being compared with a vertical flexible cylinder. From those conditions of test, data was analyzed according to a technique of modal decomposition, so the motion results from all the models allowed the identication and the description of a dynamic behavior quite similar in the catenary when compared to that from a vertical cylinder, which has brought great understanding about the VIV on flexible lines. As an contribution, this work has provided to the TPN's model basin an interesting device for a wide variety of researchs on fluid- structural interaction - the rotating-arm.
 
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