• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2001.tde-14122001-123029
Document
Author
Full name
Carlos Roberto Porfirio
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2001
Supervisor
Committee
Odloak, Darci (President)
Rotava, Oscar
Trierweiler, Jorge Otávio
Title in Portuguese
Implantação de um controlador multimodelos em uma coluna depropanizadora industrial.
Keywords in Portuguese
coluna depropanizadora
controle de processo
controle multimodelos
controle preditivo
Abstract in Portuguese
As colunas depropanizadoras existentes nas refinarias de petróleo têm como função a separação entre as correntes de propano e butano. O objetivo de controle nestas colunas é a especificação de um teor máximo de iso-butano e mais pesados (C4 +) na corrente de propano e do teor máximo de propano e mais leves (C3 -) na corrente de butano. Controladores multivariáveis tradicionais, que normalmente são implementados nas colunas depropanizadoras, apresentam grande dificuldade para manter os produtos dentro de suas especificações, isto se deve ao fato de que este processo apresenta um comportamento bastante não-linear ao longo de toda sua região de operação. Neste trabalho temos como objetivo estudar as dificuldades encontradas no projeto de controle para esse tipo de sistema e implantar na planta industrial um controlador multivariável utilizando múltiplos modelos para controle da coluna. Para realizarmos este estudo utilizamos o simulador de processos HYSYSÔ para verificarmos o comportamento estático e dinâmico do processo. Os modelos utilizados para representar o processo são aqueles obtidos durante o estudo do comportamento dinâmico. Para implantação do controlador na unidade industrial é utilizado o SICON (Sistema de Controle da Petrobras) sendo algumas de suas rotinas modificadas para permitir a inclusão dos múltiplos modelos. Durante o estudo são comparadas as performances dos controladores QDMC e MMPC (Multi-Model Predictive Control) resolvido através de um algoritmo para NLP (Non Linear Programming). O controlador multimodelos (MMPC) é apresentado na forma de variáveis de estado podendo controlar sistemas de grande porte, inclusive sistemas com dinâmicas lentas e rápidas. Esta formulação permite prever as variáveis controladas em instantes de tempo esparsos e diferentes para cada controlada. O MMPC é capaz de tratar problemas de controle não-linear usando modelos lineares, introduzindo o conceito de robustez com a utilização do conjunto de modelos. O MMPC exige um menor esforço de sintonia que o QDMC sendo adequado para uma região mais ampla de operação.
Title in English
Industrial implementation of a multi-model predictive controller in a depropanizer column.
Keywords in English
depropanizer column
multi-model control
predictive control
process control
Abstract in English
Depropanizer columns are used in oil refineries for the separation of the propane stream from the butane stream. The control objective of these columns is the specification of a maximum content of iso-butane and heavier components (C4+) in the propane product and the maximum content of propane and lighter components (C3-) in the butane roduct. Multivariable controllers usually mplemented in depropanizer columns frequently resent great difficulty to maintain the products inside their specification ranges. This deficiency is due to the fact that the process presents a quite non-linear behavior along its operating window. The objective of the present work is to study the difficulties found in the design of the control system for the aforesaid process, and to implement in an industrial plant a multivariable controller using multiple models for the control of the separation column. To accomplish this study we used the HYSYSÔ process simulator to verify the static and dynamic behavior of the process. The models used to represent the real process in the controller are those obtained during the study of the dynamic behavior. The controller implementation in the industrial unit was done with SICON (Control System of Petrobras), which had some of its routines modified to allow the inclusion of multiple models. Along the work, performances of QDMC and MMPC(Multi-Model Predictive Control) controllers were compared. MMPC was solved through an algorithm for NLP (Non Linear Programming). The Multi-Model (MMPC) controller was implemented using a state space formulation which allows for the implementation of very large systems and besides, systems with simultaneous slow and fast dynamics. This formulation allows to foresee the controlled variables at sparse sample instants, that can be distinct for each controlled variable. MMPC is able to handle non-linear control problems using linear models by introducing the robustness concept with the use of a set of models. MMPC demands a smaller tuning effort than QDMC, and can be adapted to a wide range of operating conditions.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
tde.pdf (1.50 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2002-01-07
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • ODLOAK, D., C. R. Porfírio, and ALMEIDA NETO, E. Multi-model predictive control of an industrial C3/C4 splitter. Control Engineering Practice, 2003, vol. 11, p. 765-779.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.