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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2018.tde-28022018-133041
Document
Author
Full name
Juliano Costa Buba
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Tonso, Aldo (President)
Basso, Thiago Olitta
Porto, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo
Title in Portuguese
Produção de protease com atividade fibrinolítica por cultivo submerso de Mucor subtilissimus em biorreator.
Keywords in Portuguese
Atividade fibrinolítica
Biorreator
Cultivo submerso
Mucor subtilissimus
Reatores químicos
Zigomicetos
Abstract in Portuguese
As doenças cardiovasculares (DCVs) são um grupo de desordens do coração e dos vasos sanguíneos capazes de causar ataques cardíacos e acidentes vasculares cerebrais, eventos geralmente agudos oriundos principalmente de bloqueios que impedem o sangue de fluir para o coração ou o cérebro. Proteases fibrinolíticas são agentes que degradam a fibrina, principal componente de trombo sanguíneo, capazes de evitar e tratar DCVs. Fungos filamentosos têm se mostrado uma boa alternativa para a produção de enzimas fibrinolíticas, dentre esses os fungos da divisão dos zigomicetos. A cepa UCP 1262 do zigomiceto Mucor subtilissimus foi estudada com o objetivo geral de produzir protease com atividade fibrinolítica com base em trabalhos publicados em fermentação em estado sólido (FES) e cultivo submerso com a mesma cepa. Foram realizados cultivos submersos desta cepa em frascos agitados e em 2 diferentes biorreatores, com determinação da cinética de crescimento, consumo de glicose e produção de enzima. O meio utilizado foi o MS-2, com farelo de trigo como fonte de nitrogênio e glicose como fonte preferencial de carbono. A FES com a mesma fonte de nitrogênio e o cultivo submerso em diferentes condições de taxa de inóculo, pH e agitação deste estudo foram comparados, assim como duas metodologias diferentes para dosagem de concentração de biomassa, gravimetria e ergosterol. As maiores concentrações de atividade fibrinolítica e produtividade volumétrica obtidas foram de, respectivamente, 12,0 U/mL e 0,22 U/(mL.h), 92% e 89% menores, respectivamente, do que o valor reportado em FES. O valor de ?Xmax foi calculado com base no perfil de biomassa, glicose e produção de CO2 e não apresentou correlação com a produção da enzima. A maior simplicidade operacional e os dados de rendimento obtidos indicam que a FES é uma alternativa melhor para a produção dessa enzima com esta cepa. O zigomiceto Mucor subtilissimus demonstrou ser muito difícil de ser cultivado em sistemas submersos com o meio MS-2, em especial pela sua morfologia e aderência ao biorreator.
Title in English
Production of protease with fibrinolytic activity by submerged culture of Mucor subtilissimus in bioreactor.
Keywords in English
Bioreactor
Fibrinolytic activity
Mucor subtilissimus
Submerged culture
Zygomycetes
Abstract in English
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of heart and blood vessels disorders capable of causing heart attacks and strokes, usually acute events caused mainly by blockages that prevent blood from flowing to the heart and brain. Fibrinolytic proteases are agents that degrade fibrin, the major component of blood thrombus. Filamentous fungi were shown to be a good alternative for the production of fibrinolytic enzymes, among them fungi of the zygomycetes division. The UCP 1262 strain of the zygomycete Mucor subtilissimus was studied with the general objective of producing protease with fibrinolytic activity based on published works on solid state fermentation (SSF) and submerged culture with the same strain. Submerged cultures of this strain were carried out in shaken flasks and in 2 different bioreactors, with determination of growth kinetics, glucose consumption and enzyme production. The medium used was MS-2, with wheat bran as the nitrogen source and glucose as the preferred carbon source. The SSF with the same nitrogen source and the submerged culture under different inoculum ratios, pH and agitation conditions of this study were compared, as well as two different methodologies for biomass, gravimetry and ergosterol dosage. The highest concentration of fibrinolytic activity and volumetric productivity obtained were, respectively, 12.0 U/mL and 0.22 U/(mL.h), 92% and 89% lower, respectively, than the value reported in SSF. The value of ?Xmax was calculated based on the biomass concentration, glucose and CO2 production profile and showed no correlation with the enzyme production. The greater operational simplicity and yield data obtained indicate that SSF is a better alternative for the production of this enzyme with this strain. The zygomycete Mucor subtilissimus showed to be very difficult to cultivate in submerged culture with the MS-2 medium, especially for its morphology and adherence to the bioreactor.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-03-07
 
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