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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2003.tde-07102003-011116
Document
Author
Full name
Deividi da Silva Pereira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Balbo, Jose Tadeu (President)
Rodrigues, Régis Martins
Fortes, Rita Moura
Paulon, Vladimir Antonio
Suzuki, Carlos Yukio
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do comportamento de pavimentos de concreto simples em condições de aderência entre placa de concreto e base cimentada ou asfáltica.
Keywords in Portuguese
instrumentação de pavimentos
mecânica de pavimento
pavimento composto
pavimento de concreto
resistência ao cisalhamento
whitetopping
Abstract in Portuguese
Motivado pela alteração do sistema construtivo de pavimentos de concreto de cimento Portland, na qual foi abolida a utilização da manta plástica entre placas e bases cimentadas, com conseqüente emprego de imprimação da base com emulsão asfáltica, este trabalho buscou responder algumas indagações surgidas durante este processo. Em laboratório, através de uma metodologia de ensaio especialmente adaptada para o estudo da resistência ao cisalhamento entre concreto de cimento Portland (CCP) e concreto compactado com rolo (CCR), inferiu-se, para diferentes tratamentos de interface, elevados níveis de resistência ao cisalhamento em interfaces sem emulsão asfáltica que potencializam o emprego de estruturas monolíticas de pavimentos. Quanto àquelas que continham material asfáltico, foram obtidos resultados muito inferiores aos anteriores, com caracterização de ruptura dúctil, por efeito de fluência do material betuminoso. Duas pistas experimentais instrumentadas, uma em whitetopping ultradelgado e outra em pavimento simples de concreto executado segundo a nova prática construtiva, capazes de mensurar as deformações específicas do CCP durante a execução de provas de carga dinâmica, associadas às modelagens por elementos finitos (MEF), realizadas com auxílio do programa ISLAB2000, propiciaram importantes inferências sobre o comportamento mecânico destes dois tipos de pavimentos de concreto. Verificou-se o trabalho mecânico composto (monolítico) das estruturas de whitetopping ultradelgado, com boas correlações entre as tensões medidas e numericamente calculadas; e entre os rebaixamentos da linha neutra (LN) determinados analítica, numérica e experimentalmente. No tocante ao pavimento simples de concreto sobreposto à base cimentada imprimada, apesar das ótimas correlações entre tensões medidas e determinadas numericamente, não se pode obter conclusões definitivas a despeito do trabalho mecânico desta estrutura, apesar da existência de indícios de comportamento não-monolítico.
Title in English
Study of concrete pavement behavior in bonding condition between concrete slab and cemented or asphalt base.
Keywords in English
composite pavement
concrete pavement
pavement instrumentation
shear strength
whitetopping
Abstract in English
This thesis intended to answer some inquiries, which arose during the alteration of the concrete pavement constructive process. This process substituted the plastic blanket by the asphalt emulsion, between the concrete slabs and the cemented bases. A laboratorial test methodology, specially adapted for the study of shear strength between the Portland cement concrete and the rolled concrete, inferred, for different types of interlayer treatments, high levels of shear strength, at the interfaces without asphalt emulsion. These shear strength levels enable the monolithic behavior of the pavement structure. When the asphalt emulsion was presented at the interlayer, the shear strength was much smaller than the former, with ductile rupture due to creep of the bituminous material. Two instrumented road tests, the first section in ultra-thin whitetopping pavement and de second one, in jointed plain concrete pavement (built according to new constructive process), and the finite element analyses led to important conclusions about the mechanical behavior of these pavement structures. This was possible because the strain-gages measured the specific concrete deformations during the dynamic load tests. The monolithic behavior of the ultra-thin whitetopping pavement was verified. There were good correlations between the measured stresses and theoretical stresses, which were calculated by the finite element method; and between the neutral axle displacements, estimated by analytical, numerical and experimental methods. With regard to the jointed plain concrete pavement, which was built over the cemented base (covered by the asphalt emulsion), great correlations between measured and simulated stresses were found, as well as it was found for ultra-thin whitetopping. However, it was not possible to conclude, definitively, concerning the mechanical behavior of this pavement structure, although there are clues that ndicated a non-monolithic behavior, that is, concrete slabs are unbounded up with the cemented base.
 
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Publishing Date
2003-10-30
 
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