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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2013.tde-11072014-111203
Document
Author
Full name
Christiam Segundo Morales Alvarado
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Garcia, Claudio (President)
Perez, José Manuel Gonzalez Tubio
Segundo Potts, Alain
Title in Portuguese
Identificação e controle preditivo de uma planta-piloto de neutralização de pH.
Keywords in Portuguese
Algoritmos de controle QDMC
Controle do processo de pH
Controle preditivo
Identificação de sistemas
Abstract in Portuguese
A identificação para controle é baseada especificamente na construção de modelos matemáticos a partir de dados experimentais, cuja finalidade é encontrar uma relação entre um conjunto de entradas e saídas de um processo dinâmico. Estes modelos são de fundamental importância para o projeto de controladores em processos industriais. No presente trabalho é realizada a identificação e o desenvolvimento do sistema de controle para uma planta piloto de neutralização de pH. O procedimento de identificação é baseado na coleta de dados reais do processo de neutralização de pH, operando em malha fechada. A estimativa dos modelos é realizada de duas formas: (1) estimar modelos que representem o comportamento de todo o sistema, incluindo os controladores PID do processo e (2) estimar modelos do processo com os dados coletados dos sinais de controle e as variáveis de saída do processo. Com os modelos do processo estimados projeta-se uma estratégia de controle MPC (Model Predictive Control), envolvendo dois esquemas de controle. O primeiro esquema calculará os set points ótimos que ingressarão nas malhas do processo. O segundo esquema calculará os sinais de controle ótimos que ingressarão diretamente no processo. O tipo de controlador MPC adotado é o QDMC (Quadratic Dynamic Matrix Control), permitindo restringir os sinais de entrada e saída do processo. A avaliação destes esquemas de controle é realizada mediante a mudança do set point das malhas do processo e a influência de perturbações. As perturbações são baseadas no aumento da vazão do ácido que ingressa no reator.
Title in English
Identification and predictive control of a pH neutralization pilot plant.
Keywords in English
pH process control
Predictive control
QDMC control algorithms
System identification
Abstract in English
Identification for control system is based specifically on the mathematical models construction from experimental data, whose aim is to find a relationship between a set of inputs and outputs of a dynamic process. These models are fundamentally important for the industrial processes controllers design. In this work is performed the identification and development of the control system for a pH neutralization pilot plant. The identification procedure is based on the real data collected from pH neutralization process, operating in closed loop. The models estimation is performed in two forms: (1) estimating models that represent all system behavior, including process PID controllers and (2) estimating process models with collecting data of the control signals and process output variables. The process models parameters estimation is performed with the algorithms studied in Chapter 4. With the estimated process models is a MPC (Model Predictive Control) control strategy was designed, creating two control schemes. First scheme will compute the optimal set points that will enter to the process-loops. The second scheme will compute the optimal control signals that will enter to the process. The type of MPC controller adopted is a QDMC (Quadratic Dynamic Matrix Control), allowing restriction of the input and output signals. The control schemes evaluation is performed by changing the set point of the process-loops and the disturbance influence. This disturbance is based on acid flow increased that enters the reactor.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-07-11
 
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