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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Edielce Cristina Caixeta
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Stucchi, Fernando Rebouças (President)
Della Bella, João Carlos
Loriggio, Daniel Domingues
Title in Portuguese
Investigação experimental da fadiga em lajes de pontes com ou sem pré-lajes.
Keywords in Portuguese
Barras de aço
Concreto armado
Ensaios dinâmicos
Fadiga
Fadiga em lajes de pontes
Telas soldadas
Abstract in Portuguese
As lajes dos tabuleiros de pontes de concreto armado, sejam elas maciças ou executadas com pré-lajes, são elementos estruturais suscetíveis à fadiga, devido às ações a que são submetidas. As pré-lajes, pelo fato de serem resultantes da junção de dois concretos diferentes, torna-se ainda mais suscetível à fadiga. Este trabalho apresenta estudos, ensaios e análise de resultados a respeito do comportamento à fadiga das lajes de pontes de concreto, sejam as maciças ou as executadas com pré-laje, armadas com barras ou telas soldadas. Foram realizados ensaios de fadiga de barra ao ar CA50 f10 mm isoladas e em telas para a construção da Curva de Wöhler nas condições brasileiras. Além disso, foram ensaiadas 23 lajes de concreto, sendo 6 lajes maciças e 17 executadas com prélajes, montadas com diversas configurações de armadura, submetidas a ensaios estáticos e dinâmicos. As configurações de armaduras adotadas nas lajes da pesquisa foram baseadas nas utilizadas com freqüência neste tipo de elemento das pontes, escala ½. Um dos principais motivos que levaram ao desenvolvimento desta pesquisa de caráter experimental foi a escassez de dados sobre o comportamento de lajes armadas com barras ou telas soldadas de fabricação brasileira, submetidas a ações cíclicas. Outro motivo foi a carência de estudos a respeito da iteração prélaje x capa. Foi verificado que não houve ruptura nessa região da estrutura devido aos carregamentos cíclicos aplicados no meio do vão. Ficou evidenciado também que as soldas das telas afetam sua resistência à fadiga.
Title in English
Fatigue experimental research on bridge slabs or pre-slabs.
Keywords in English
Dynamic loading
Fatigue
Fatigue in bridge Slabs
Reinforced concrete
Steel bar
Welded steel mesh
Abstract in English
Concrete bridge slabs, massive or pre-slabs, are structural elements susceptible to fatigue, due to loading applied to them. Pre-slabs, result of two different concretes, become even more susceptible to fatigue. This research presents the studies, tests and analysis of the results about the behavior of concrete bridge massive slabs or pre-slabs reinforced with steel bars and welded steel meshes due to fatigue loading. Axial testing in air of CA50 f10 mm in continuous bars and steel meshes were made in order to build the Wöhler Curve to the Brazilian conditions. Besides that, tests were made in 23 concrete slabs, 6 massive slabs and 17 preslabs, with several reinforcements arrangements, submitted to static and dynamic loading. The reinforcement configurations adopted in the slabs were based on the commonly used in these bridge elements in scale ½. One of main reasons that lead this experimental research development was the scarcity of data about the behavior of concrete slabs reinforced with rebars and welded mesh made in Brazil, submitted to cycle loading. Another reason was the lack of studies about the iteration between pre-slab and concrete cover. It was verified that no rupture was found in this region of the structure due to midspan cycle loading. The welding process caused loss of fatigue resistance.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-11-26
 
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