• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Paulo de Sá Pereira Cavalcanti
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Stucchi, Fernando Rebouças (President)
Della Bella, João Carlos
Melo, Guilherme Sales Soares de Azevedo
Title in Portuguese
Investigação experimental da fadiga ao cisalhamento em lajes de pontes com pré-lajes.
Keywords in Portuguese
Barras de aço
Concreto armado
Ensaios dinâmicos
Fadiga
Fadiga em lajes de pontes
Abstract in Portuguese
Um número significativo de pontes têm sido construídas na forma de grelhas de vigas pré-moldadas, sobre as quais apoiam-se pré-lajes com posterior concretagem de capa, finalizando a execução das lajes das mesmas. Esse processo construtivo tem sido largamente utilizado tendo em vista a racionalização da construção dispensando o uso de cimbramentos, abreviando consideravelmente os prazos de construção e consequentemente reduzindo os custos. Todavia no desenvolvimento do projeto, sabe-se que essas lajes são elementos altamente suscetíveis à fadiga e, tendo-se em vista a existência de concretagem em duas etapas (pré-laje e capa final) e concretos de idades diferentes, geram-se dúvidas obre o comportamento desta interface com relação às cargas dinâmicas atuantes no decorrer da vida útil da obra. A escassez de estudos ou pesquisas relacionadas a essa questão, levaram à realização do presente trabalho, de cunho experimental, e com o objetivo de se estudar o comportamento desses elementos submetidos às cargas de fadiga e as suas resistências finais no que se refere às cargas de ruptura antes e depois de fatigadas. Foram ensaiadas 9 lajes de concreto sendo 6 lajes com rugosidade normal (saliência dos agregados brita 1) e 3 com baixa rugosidade (alisamento com espátula de madeira). Não foram identificadas rupturas por fadiga e a resistência das lajes fatigadas se mantiveram, quando levadas a ruptura no final dos ensaios, no mesmo nível daquelas não fatigadas.
Title in English
Fatigue experimental research to shear in brigges slabs with pré-slabs.
Keywords in English
Dynamic loading
Fatigue
Fatigue In bridge slabs
Reinforced concrete
Steel bar
Abstract in English
A significant number of bridges have been built in the form of grids of pre-cast beams on which pre-slab are supported, with posterior concreting of concrete cover, completing the execution of the slabs. This construction process has been widely used in order to rationalize the construction without shoring, shortening considerably the time of construction and thereby reducing costs. However in developing the project, it is known that these slabs are elements highly susceptible to fatigue and, keeping in mind the existence of concrete in two stages (pre-slab and final cover) and different ages, doubts about the behavior of this interface with respect to dynamic loads acting over the lifetime are generated. The scarcity of studies and researches related to this issue led to the realization of this experimental work, in order to study the behavior of these elements subjected to fatigue loading and their final resistance in relation to the failure load before and after fatigue loading. Tests were made in 9 concrete slabs, 6 with usual surface roughness (salience of crushed aggregates 1) and 3 with low roughness (smoothing with wooden spatula). It was verified that no rupture due to fatigue loading were identified and the resistance of the slabs submitted to fatigue loading remained on the same level of those not fatigued, when carried to cracking at the end of the tests.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2011-04-14
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.