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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2004.tde-20122004-125028
Document
Author
Full name
Edison Favero
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Zmitrowicz, Witold (President)
Costa, Valeriano Mendes Ferreira
Monetti, Eliane
Ronca, Jose Luiz Caruso
Zahn, Carlos Eduardo
Title in Portuguese
Desmembramento territorial: o processo de criação de municípios - avaliação a partir de indicadores econômicos e sociais.
Keywords in Portuguese
cidades(formação
evolução)
indicadores econômicos e sociais
parcelamento do solo
planejamento territorial
Abstract in Portuguese
O tema “Emancipações Municipais” tem ultimamente despertado várias discussões nos meios políticos, acadêmicos, institucionais e administrativos no Brasil. Para melhor compreender as motivações que levam a este processo, buscamos conhecer através do registro histórico, todo o processo anterior da criação dos municípios, incluindo a sua origem no Período Romano e a sua transferência para o Brasil pelos portugueses. Analisaremos a seguir o desempenho dos nossos municípios, na década de 90 – último grande movimento emancipacionista no país, nos aspectos demográfico, físico, econômico, financeiro e social, e também através de dois indicadores básicos, recentemente desenvolvidos e aplicados nestas análises: o Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal – IDH-M, da ONU e o Índice Paulista de Responsabilidade Social – IPRS, da Fundação SEADE. A verificação do grau de desempenho econômico e social destes entes federativos, bem como a dependência financeira, em relação aos Estados e à União, em especial dos pequenos municípios, permitirá verificar os aspectos positivos e os negativos provocados no desenvolvimento econômico e social local, bem como nas finanças públicas em geral, de maneira que possamos detectar onde intervir com objetivos de aprimorar e fortalecer os pontos positivos, buscando corrigir as distorções deste processo emancipatório.
Title in English
Territorial land division: procedure for the creation of municipalities - assessment based on economic and social indicators.
Keywords in English
cities(creation
division land
economic and social indicators
evaluation)
land planning
Abstract in English
The theme “Municipal Emancipations” has raised several discussions in the political, academic, institutional and administrative spheres in Brazil. In order to better understand the motivations that lead to this process, the whole process of municipal districts creation was historically registered including the Roman origins and its transfer to Brazil. Performance analysis of Brazilian and São Paulo State’s municipal districts, in the past decade last big movement for municipal emancipation in the country, through demographic, physical, economical, financial and social aspects, and also using two basic indicators, recently developed and applied in such analysis: the Municipal Human Development Index (IDH-M), developed by the United Nations; and the Social Responsibility Index (IPRS), developed by SEADE Foundation. The performance assessment of these federative cells, as well as the financial dependence on State and Federal Governments – particularly clear in the case of small municipal districts - allow to develop a concept on the current minimum requirements for municipal emancipations, to verify the positive and negative aspects involved, the reflections on local economy and on the public finances, so that it can guide interventions aiming to minimize distortions and to strengthen positive aspects of this process.
 
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TeseEdisonFavero.pdf (16.20 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2004-12-20
 
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