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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
José Antonio Ribeiro de Lima
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
John, Vanderley Moacyr (President)
Agopyan, Vahan
Gleize, Philippe Jean Paul
Pacca, Sérgio Almeida
Pileggi, Rafael Giuliano
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação das conseqüências da produção de concreto no Brasil para as mudanças climáticas.
Keywords in Portuguese
Cimento
Concreto
Emissão de CO2
Mudanças climáticas
Abstract in Portuguese
O segmento de concreto brasileiro contribui para as mudanças climáticas devido às emissões de CO2 e as possibilidades de reduções de emissões com maior visibilidade, atualmente, são as referentes ao setor cimenteiro. Mas, o cimento tem seu consumo aumentado devido às condições de aplicação no concreto, o que torna importante a análise das emissões nesta aplicação e das possibilidades de redução. Estes foram os objetivos desta pesquisa. A emissão estimada no concreto nacional foi de 224 kgCO2/m³. Para o cimento, foi de 659 kgCO2/t, que é inferior à emissão mundial, e que pode ser reduzida pela troca de combustíveis usados no setor. O patamar atual de mitigação na produção do cimenteiro nacional situa-se em torno de 20%, podendo chegar a aproximadamente 30% com medidas como uso exclusivo de biomassa como fonte de energia, ainda não possível no setor. As reduções no concreto podem chegar a 30%, pelo aumento no rigor na preparação deste material e pela redução de desperdício. Demonstrou-se, nesta pesquisa, que es se patamar de redução é tão significativo quanto o do setor cimenteiro.
Title in English
Assessment of the consequences of the concrete production in Brazil for the climate change.
Keywords in English
Cement
Climate changes
CO2 Emission
Concrete
Abstract in English
The Brazilian concrete sector contributes to the climate change due to its CO2 emissions, that can be reduced through efforts of the cement sector, that have been receiving great attention. But the use of the cement in concrete can increase its consumption if made in the wrong way, and this can increase the CO2 emissions, making important the study of the emissions in concrete and the study of the possibilities of mitigation. These were the main aims of this thesis, that demonstrated that the CO2 reduction potential in the concrete have the same magnitude of the potential in the cement. The emission in the concrete, in Brazil, is 224 kgCO2/t. In cement, is 659 kgCO2/t, that is lower than the global emission and can be reduced by changes in the fuels used in the cement production. The Brazilian cement sector can reduce its emission in 20% and, using only biomass as fuel, this reduction can reach 30%, but this is not possible, yet. Emission reduction in the concrete production and use may reach 30%, through better preparation of concretes and reducing waste of material in constructions. This value is similar to the emission mitigation in the cement sector.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-09-13
 
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