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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2009.tde-19112008-114049
Document
Author
Full name
Ieda Domingues Ferreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Morita, Dione Mari (President)
Consoni, Ângelo José
Corseuil, Henry Xavier
Jardim, Wilson de Figueiredo
Manfredini, Sidneide
Title in Portuguese
Biorremediação de solo tropical contaminado com resíduos da produção de plastificantes.
Keywords in Portuguese
Biodegradação ambiental
Biorremediação
Solo tropical
Abstract in Portuguese
Plastificantes podem ser definidos como aditivos de baixa volatilidade utilizados para aumentar a processabilidade, flexibilidade ou diminuir a dureza de materiais poliméricos. Os ftalatos e adipatos utilizados como plastificantes, por sua baixa solubilidade em água e pelo alto coeficiente de partição octanol/água, tendem a se acumular no solo e sedimentos. Estes compostos são considerados potencialmente carcinogênicos, teratogênicos e disruptores endócrinos. A presente pesquisa compreendeu a biorremediação ex-situ do solo contaminado com resíduos de uma unidade industrial de plastificantes, utilizando reatores aeróbios, com microrganismos indígenas e exógenos adaptados através da adição de inóculo retirado da Estação de Tratamento de Efluentes por Lodos Ativados desta indústria. Foram avaliados os plastificantes: DIBP (Di-isobutilftalato), DBP (Dibutilftalato), DOP (Dioctilftalato),DIDP (Di-isodecilftalato), DIAP (Di-isoamilftalato) e DOA (dioctiladipato). Após a caracterização geotécnica do solo da área de plastificantes em 10 diferentes pontos, foram retiradas as quantidades para a biorremediação em 8 diferentes pontos (100kg/ponto) com os teores totais de plastificantes compreendidos entre 17 mg/kg solo a 6222 mg/kg solo. Análises mineralógicas, físicas e químicas foram realizadas posteriormente e indicaram que possivelmente a capacidade de troca catiônica do solo era devida aos plastificantes. Na biorremediação, os teores iniciais de plastificantes no solo, variaram de 85 mg/kg a 1688 mg/kg e após 120 dias de biodegradação em reatores aeróbios, as eficiências de remoção foram de 75 a 97%. Conforme as análises de fingerprint da comunidade bacteriana, ao final do processo, as bactérias presentes no solo eram originárias do lodo e do solo inicial e as análises de CGMS identificaram os metabólitos MEHP e os sub-produtos finais da biodegradação.
Title in English
Bioremediation of a tropical soil contaminated with plasticizers process wastes.
Keywords in English
Bioremediation
Environmental biodegradation
Tropical soils
Abstract in English
Plasticizers are low volatility compounds that offer flexibility and processability to resins. The phthalates and adipates, used as plasticizers, have low water solubility e high partition octanol/water(Kow) and accumulate in soil and sediments. This compounds are considered teratogenics, carcinogenics and as endocrine disruptors. This study evaluated the bioremediation of tropical soil contaminated with plasticizers process wastes, in aerobic conditions, with and without introduction of acclimated bacteria. After geological analysis of soil, considering ten differents points on the factory area, it was selected the soil for biodegradation of eight points (100kg/point) representing 17mg total plasticizers/kg soil to 6222mg total plasticizers/kg soil. Mineralogical, physical and chemical analysis were done and the results showed that perhaps the cationic change capacity was due to plasticizers. The plasticizers contents in soil were 85-1688mg/kg and after 120 days of biodegradation in eight aerobic reactors, the removal efficiencies were 75-97%. The fingerprint analysis showed that the final bacteria present in reactors originated from soil and sludge and the CGMS analysis identified the metabolic MEHP, and showed the sub-products and final products of biodegradation.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-07-03
 
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