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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.3.2018.tde-16072018-140145
Document
Author
Full name
Gilberto Martins de Almeida Filho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Amato Neto, João (President)
Alvarenga Netto, Clovis Armando
Santos, Isabel Cristina dos
Title in Portuguese
Programa Inovar-Auto: atendimento das metas de eficiência energética e suas externalidades.
Keywords in Portuguese
Eficiência energética
Indústria automotiva
Programa Inovar-Auto
Abstract in Portuguese
A indústria automobilística possui uma das mais extensas cadeias produtivas brasileiras. Responsável por 4% do Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) total e 22% do PIB Industrial. Emprega, direta e indiretamente, 1,6 milhão de pessoas e gera R$ 40 bilhões de tributos diretos sobre veículos por ano. De 2010 a 2012, o crescimento do mercado brasileiro atraiu indústrias do mundo inteiro, elevando a participação dos veículos importados. Assim, para aumentar a competitividade local, o governo brasileiro criou o Programa Inovar-Auto em 2012, que, entre outros objetivos, estabeleceu metas de eficiência de combustível para serem atingidos até 2017. Este trabalho dedica-se a entender os conceitos e metas que as empresas devem atender para habilitar-se ao Programa e verificar quais os resultados obtidos em relação às metas de eficiência energética. Neste estudo, foi elaborada uma revisão da literatura sobre as políticas de eficiência energética veicular já implementadas no Brasil e as experiências internacionais. Para a pesquisa, buscou-se calcular, por meio de dados divulgados publicamente, a eficiência energética do veículo representativo do ano de 2012 e do ano de 2017 para verificar os resultados obtidos no consumo energético e emissão de CO2 antes e depois do Programa. Como resultado, verificou-se que as dez empresas com maior participação no mercado no ano de 2017 estão habilitadas no Programa Inovar- Auto e atingiram a meta obrigatória de eficiência energética. A melhoria no consumo energético de um veículo produzido em 2017 quando comparado com um veículo produzido em 2012 foi de 11%, quando abastecido com gasolina.
Title in English
Inovar-Auto Program: meeting energy efficiency targets and their externalities.
Keywords in English
Automotive industry
Inovar-Auto Program
Vehicular energy efficiency
Abstract in English
The automobile industry has one of the most extensive productive chains in the Brazilian manufacturing sector, being responsible for 4% of the total GDP and for 22% of the Industrial GDP. It employs 1.6 million people directly and indirectly, generating R$ 40 billion per year in direct taxes on new vehicles commercialized. From 2010 to 2012, the growth of the Brazilian market had attracted products from all over the world, increasing the share of imported vehicles in the country. Thus, in order to increase local competitiveness among other goals, the Brazilian Government created the Inovar-Auto Program in 2012, that also had set fuel efficiency targets to be reached by 2017. This study is dedicated to understand the guidelines and goals that companies must meet in order to qualify for the Program and to verify the results obtained regarding energy efficiency. This paper then proceeds to a review of the literature on vehicular energy efficiency policies already implemented in Brazil and on international experiences. Also, it estimates (using publicly disclosed data) the energy efficiency of the representative vehicle sold in 2012 versus 2017 trying to access the results obtained in terms of energy consumption and CO2 emission, i.e. before and after Inovar-Auto. As a result, it was verified that the Top-10 OEMs in terms of market share in 2017 (all enrolled in the Inovar-Auto Program) have reached the mandatory target for energy efficiency. The improvement in energy consumption of an average vehicle assembled in 2017 was of about 11% when compared to one produced in 2012 (when using gasoline).
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-23
 
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