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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.3.2008.tde-02022009-181211
Document
Author
Full name
Valdemir Martins Lira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Batalha, Gilmar Ferreira (President)
Barretto, Marcos Ribeiro Pereira
Silva, Iris Bento da
Tamai, Edilson Hiroshi
Zeilmann, Rodrigo Panosso
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de processo de prototipagem rápida via modelagem por deposição de formas livres sob temperatura ambiente de materiais alternativos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Polímeros (materiais; processamento)
Processos de fabricação (engenharia mecânica)
Projetos de produtos
Reologia
Abstract in Portuguese
Nos processos usuais de prototipagem rapida, a transformacao do material para a construcao do prototipo, de maneira geral, e realizada por fusao ou polimerizacao oriunda do aquecimento via laser ou resistencia eletrica. Isso, necessariamente, envolve equipamento especial para o processo de fusao e deposicao do material para a construcao das superficies camada por camada, o controle de temperatura para assegurar a qualidade e o tratamento de gases exalados pela transformacao entre outros. Essa forma de transformacao nos processos de prototipagem rapida tem assim custos relativamente altos do prototipo e do equipamento. Uma alternativa para o processo de transformacao inclui evidentemente outros materiais para construcao do prototipo. Entretanto, no levantamento bibliografico realizado observou-se que nao existem trabalhos que explorem materiais e processos alternativos. Assim varios materiais foram analisados com base nas seguintes propriedades: processamento sob temperatura ambiente, capacidade de aderencia entre as camadas, tempo de consistencia e de cura do material, custo e disponibilidade no mercado nacional. Com base nesse estudo foi selecionado o seguinte material: composito a base de complexo de carboidrato, o qual transforma-se, de estado fisico, sob temperatura ambiente. Inicialmente analisaram-se os aspectos de aderencia e tempo de cura. Posteriormente estudaram-se as caracteristicas dos dispositivos e dos processos Fused Layer Modeling (FLM). Baseado nesse estudo foi fabricado um dispositivo para se extrudar material em forma de filamentos. Em seguida modelou-se o cinematismo da velocidade de deposicao do dispositivo extrusor e assim delinear o projeto de experimentos para se obter, do processo proposto, os aspectos qualitativo (operacao, preparacao, custos, utilizacao dos prototipos, entre outros) e quantitativo (velocidade de deslocamento dos eixos X e Y, alturas entre camadas, rugosidade e forma geometrica). Desse estudo resulta que a proposta demonstra potencial para aplicacao na fabricacao de mostruarios, pecas de brinquedos, utilizacao em cursos de formacao profissional, prototipos para moldagem a temperatura ambiente, moldes para fundicao em areia.
Title in English
Development rapid prototyping process by modeling deposition free form at room temperature of alternative materials.
Keywords in English
Extrusion
Modeling by deposition
Rapid prototyping
Solid free form
Abstract in English
In usual processes of rapid prototyping the transformation of the material into the prototype construction is usually made by fusion or polymerization by means of heating by laser or electrical resistance. It necessarily requires special equipment for the fusion process and deposition of material for the surface construction, layer on top of layer, the temperature control to certify quality, the treatment of exhalation during the transformation process, among others. This kind of transformation in the rapid prototyping process is relatively expensive compared with the conventional process of prototyping. An alternative for the transformation process includes, obviously, other kinds of material for the prototype construction. However, bibliographic research has show, that there are no such works which explore alternative materials and processes especially in the national context. Therefore, several kinds of material have been analyzed based on the following properties: required temperature for the work, adherence capacity between the layers, consistence time or cure time of the prototype, cost and availability on the national market. The following material was chosen, based on this study: a compound, based on a carbohydrate complex, because it transforms itself from the physical form at room temperature. First of all, adherence aspects and curing time were analyzed,. Then characteristics of the apparatuses and devices of the Fused Layer Modeling process (FLM). Based on these characteristics the project of the extrusion device was developed, to extrude the carbohydrate composite in form of filaments and its kinematics was modeled to determine the depositing speed and design of experiments to obtain, out of the proposed process, the qualitative aspects (operation, preparation, costs, utilization of the prototype, among others) and quantitative (speed of the dislocation of the table at x-y axis, height between the layers, roughness and geometric form, among others). At that rate the developed proposal shows potentiality to be used in production of showcases, toy pieces, utilization in course for professional training, prototypes for molding at room temperature, forms for sand castings.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-02-06
 
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