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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Tiago Petermann Figueiredo
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2016
Machado, Izabel Fernanda (President)
Cousseau, Tiago
Murray, Henara Lilian Costa
Title in English
Effect of lubricant propertieson the friction coefficient under different temperatures, speeds and loads using a ball-on-disc test.
Keywords in English
Friction coefficient
Vehicle dynamics
Abstract in English
The present study has the objective of evaluating the effect of lubricant features on the friction coefficient by using three different lubricants (two synthetics and one mineral), which are used in automotive transmissions. In order to perform experiments, it was used a ball-on-disc system. The disc was manufactured with the same mechanical properties as transmission gears and the ball was made of 52100 SAE steel. The test parameters were defined based on a dynamic analysis conducted using "ISOCAD" which takes into account the geometry of the gear and vehicle dynamics (applied force and speed) during the tribological experiments. In order to set the temperature parameter, the lubricant testing temperature of a standard fuel economy was used. Experiments were conducted in two different lubrication conditions: i (starved) and ii (fully flooded). After the parameters were defined, it was possible to calculate the oil film thickness and, thus define the lubrication regime reached in each condition. Mixed and/or boundary lubrication was obtained in all the tests. Results showed the relationship between the speed and the specific oil film using a Khonsari and Masjedi formulation (2014), which takes into account the effect of surface roughness and, it is based on Downson and Higginson's (1981) formulation. The chemical analysis of the lubricant showed a relationship between friction coefficient and the additives used in lubricants. These results also showed the oil performance under different temperatures, speeds and loads. The best results were obtained for a synthetic lubricant.
Title in Portuguese
Efeito das propriedades do lufrificante no coeficiente de atrito sobre diferentes temperaturas, velocidade e cargas utilizando teste "ball-on-disc".
Keywords in Portuguese
Dinâmica veicular
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo tem o objetivo de avaliar o efeito de propriedades dos lubrificantes sobre o coeficiente de atrito. Para tanto foram testados três lubrificantes diferentes (dois sintéticos e um mineral), que são utilizados em transmissões automotivas. Os experimentos foram conduzidos utilizando um sistema tribológico denominado "ball-on-disc". Os discos foram fabricados com as mesmas propriedades mecânicas das engrenagens de transmissão, já as esferas foram fabricadas com aço SAE 52100. Os parâmetros de teste foram definidos com base na análise dinâmica conduzida utilizando o software "ISOCAD", que leva em conta a geometria da engrenagem e a dinâmica do veículo (força aplicada e velocidade) durante os ensaios tribológicos. Para definir os parâmetros de temperatura, foram utilizadas as mesmas temperaturas encontradas durante o ensaio de economia de combustível padronizado. Experimentos foram realizados em duas condições de lubrificação diferentes: i) fornecimento limitado de lubrificante, ou "Starved" e ii) condição de lubrificação imersa, ou "Fully flooded". Depois dos parâmetros definidos, foi possível calcular a espessura de filme de óleo, de forma a definir o regime de lubrificação alcançado em cada condição. Lubrificação mista e limítrofe foi obtida todas as condições de testes. Os resultados mostraram a relação entre a velocidade e o filme de óleo específico usando uma formulação de Khonsari e Masjedi (2014), que leva em conta o efeito da rugosidade da superfície e baseia-se na formulação de Downson e Higginson (1981). A análise química do lubrificante mostrou que existe uma relação entre o coeficiente de atrito e os aditivos utilizados nos lubrificantes. Estes resultados também mostram o desempenho dos lubrificantes em diferentes temperaturas, velocidades e cargas. Os melhores resultados foram obtidos para um lubrificante sintético.
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